Chinese Schools of Thoughts

by Madison Graham


Respect for parents, respect for elders based on filial piety.“Do not do to others what you do not wish yourself.” Focused mainly on showing dukes and princes how to govern wisely. Had a code of conduct. Based on governing by example rather than force. Human nature is good not evil. After Confucius died his sayings were put into a book called analects. His philosophy and teachings were used during the Han dynasty.
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Buddhism spread to China by the silk road. Emperor Asoka of India had missionaries diffused to China to spread Buddhism. Buddhist stuppas/temples became important to the culture. The pagoda also became important structure brought to China. They follow The Four Noble Truths and The Eight Fold Path.  Meditation is important in promoting peace. 
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Hanfeizi was the philosopher. He believed the nature of man is evil. So he had harsh ideas. Strict laws and punishment were enforced. Forced people to work on government projects and punished them if they did not complete their duties. Used to force people to work on government projects such as the Great Wall. The Qin dynasty practiced legalism.
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Laozi believed the best ruler is one who governed the least. He had 3 rules to attain happiness. 1. Practice a humble life. 2. Live a simple life. 3. Live in harmony with nature. Harmony comes from balancing opposites forces of ying and yang. Yin and Yang is a symbol of balance and peace.
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