Period 1: 1491-1607

Joshua Davis-----January 5, 2016

Asiento System

  • forerunner of the Triangular Trade System
  • hundreds of thousands of African slaves brought to the New World by the Spanish after the decline of the Native American population
  • Spanish had to pay a tax to their king for every slave brought to the New World

Mestizo

  • term used by the Spanish to describe people who were from both European and Native American descent
  • became a majority in Latin America

Treaty of Tordesillas

  • 1494
  • agreement between Spain and Portugal to settle conflicts over newly discover lands by Christopher Columbus and other explorers of the time
  • Portugal claimed Brazil and Spain claimed the rest of the Americas
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Bartolome de Las Casas

  • Spanish missionary
  • believed slavery was invented by Satan
  • "Protector of the Indians"

Juan Gines de Sepulveda

  • Spanish Historian and Philosopher
  • adversary of Bartolome de Las Casas in the Valladolid Contraversy
  • defended the Spanish Empire's right of conquest
  • thought Native Americans were "natural slaves"

Themes

WOR- Events in this period involved the interaction between foreign countries and lands overseas. The Treaty of Tordesillas resolved a conflict between Spain and Portugal over newly discovered territories of the New World.


CUL- Controversies between contrasting beliefs over topics such as slavery arose in this time period. The Valladolid Controversy between Bartolome de Las Casas and Juan Gines de Sepulveda concerned the justification of Spanish Conquest and the enslavement of Native Americans.

APUSH Review: Period 1 (1491 - 1607) In 10 Minutes!