Canada in 2060!

What Will Canada Look Like in 2060?

Canada is the second largest country in the world in geography. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean (east) to the Pacific Ocean (west). Although it is a huge country, there aren't a lot of people that live there. I wonder if this will ever change. The population, immigrants/emigrants, the first nations, the demography? Everything. I wonder what Canada will be like in a few years. Canada in 2060!

Current Immigration, Demography, and First nations in Canada

Currently, Canada's annual intake of immigrants is 250,000. Between 2006 and 2011, around 1,162,900 foreign-born people immigrated to Canada. These recent immigrants made up 17.2% of the foreign-born population and 3.5% of the total population in Canada. Currently Canada is at stage 4 (contracting) in the demographic model with a estimated population of 35.5 million people. The average life span of a female is 83.6 and for males is 79.3. The total fertility rate is currently approximately 2.1 children per women. The birth rate in Canada is 11/1000 people, where the death rate is 8/1000 people which makes the natural increase 3. Canada's population has more median aged citizens than children, in the future this will affect Canada negatively. Lastly, at this moment Canada has given the first nations a tax free life although I believe this is not the biggest and best gift, Canada has still given them something, and they seem to start taking matter into there own hands.

What will the birth and death rate be in 2050? Will the predicted numbers effected us?

In 45 years we can predict the birth rate will become very low and most of Canada's population will come from immigration.We can also predict that by 2035 the death rate will begin to outnumber the birth rate. This allows us to further add that in 2060 the population will be mostly composed of an older generation. Meaning, there will be far more senior citizens than children. We can predict all this from the indicators given to us for 2014 if the population progresses to only have 1-2 children per family. These numbers will effect the population. Kids in school will have less course selections due to the smaller population, learning opportunitites will become limited. The taxes will increase thus hard to cover by many retired senior people, resulting in a smaller population. If the birth rate begins to decrease and the death rate gets higher this means the natural increase will be huge. The net migration on the other hand, will start to decrease since more people will want to leave Canada because of their economy and fewer people will immigrate to Canada. On a positive note, Canada will have more job opportunities, but in limited fields.
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Future First Nations Situation

In the future we hope to be able to come in peace and fairness with the aboriginals. Hopefully in the future the aboriginals get treated in the same way as any other Canadian citizen. In collaboration with its negotiation partners, Canada has signed 21 self-government agreements recognizing a wide range of Aboriginal jurisdictions that involve 35 Aboriginal communities across Canada. Of those, 18 are part of a comprehensive land claim agreement (modern treaty). These figures include the Yale Final Agreement and the Tla’amin Final Agreement which have been signed, but are not yet in effect. We predict in the future aboriginals will become more known to the world, they will infact gain some power and peace with these 21 self-government agreements.

Future immigration situation

Since the past 5 years, China, Philippine and India have been giving Canada the most immigrants. People come from these places as family immigrants, refugees, business immigrants and even permanent residents. The immigration rate is around 250,000 annually. People usually come to Canada because they are refugees seeking help or they there countries don't have the best economy. When people come to Canada the two most popular provinces they go to are, Ontario and British Columbia. Both of these provinces have big, popular cities that are the centre of businesses. Both of these provinces were settled before others, which means they are more developed than other provinces. Currently, Canada's new immigrants are either skilled workers or economic immigrants. In 2060, we can predict that Canada's immigrants will come from the same countries and even other countries from/near the middle east because recently they have been having some demographic issues. We can predict there will be less immigrants coming to Canada because of economy issues. Also we can predict that Canada will want more family immigrants rather than skilled workers, so that the population will increase thus a better economy.


In conclusion, I know that 2060 will be much different than 2015, immigration, first nations and demography wise. People do not really think about the future, how life will change and be like. Are all these predictions about immigration, aboriginals and demography true or not? We will not know until, 45 years from now. Will the population actually decrease? Will the economy decrease?, will there be more job opportunities? and will the first nations ever get all they deserved? We won't know until a few years. See you in 45 years!
Canada's demographic and geographic shift


my life in 2060 by user536410385

By: Alina S