The Israelites

The Children of Israel

Who were the Israelites?

The Israelites were a small group of people that had a different religion than others. At this point in time religions focused on having more than one god or goddess. The Israelites focused on one god! This is called monotheism.

The Kingdom of Canaan

Canaan was a region in southwest Asia near the Mediterranean Sea. They were originally from Mesopotamia and worked as herders and traders. They believed that they were descended from a man named Abraham. Since Abraham and his followers settled in Canaan the Israelites moved there.

The 12 Sons

Abraham had a grandson named Jacob, Jacob, who was called Israel, had 12 sons they all split up into tribes, or separate family groups, They became to be known as the 12 tribes of Israel.

The Tribe Sigils

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The Drought

The Israelites stayed in Canaan for about 100 years, And then a long drought came. Crops and Livestock had died, so in order to survive the Israelites had to move to Egypt.

From Slavery to Freedom

Life wasn't easy in Egypt, The Pharaoh had enslaved all the Israelites and to prevent a rebellion he had all the baby boys thrown into the Nile. The Pharaoh's daughter had found a baby in the river and named him Moses.

Moses

Moses was found by the Pharaoh's Daughter and lead the Israelites out of Egypt. During the journey God had given him Torah otherwise known as the Ten Commadments. God had promised if they had followed his laws he would help them return to Canaan. In modern times the Ten Commadments had helped shape the basic laws of many nations.

The Ten Commandments

In 1290 B.C. while Moses was tending to the sheep he saw a burning bush and heard a voice. He thought it was God telling him to lead the Israelites out of Egypt and to freedom. In order to have the pharaoh release the Israelites, the Hebrew bible said to that God sent 10 plagues to trouble Egypt. The last plague had killed all the new-born children except those of the Israelites who had marked their door with lamb's blood. This plague had convinced the pharaoh to release all of the Israelites, but then the pharaoh had changed his mind and sent an army to the Israelites, then god had parted the Red Sea for the Israelites to pass when the army came to the water went back into the flow and drowned the soldiers. On the way back to Canaan they had come across the Sinai Desert. The Bible said that at this point Moses went to the top of Mount Sinai and received the Ten Commandments.


The Ten Commandments included: 1. Do not worship any other god except for me, 2. Do not bow down and worship idols, 3. Do not misuse my name, 4. Remember that Sabbath day belongs to me, 5. Respect your Father and Mother, 6. Never Murder, 7. Be faithful in marriage, 8. Do not steal, 9. Do not tell lies, 10. Never want something that belongs to someone else.

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