Spider Monkey

Zach Leys Period 8 5/16/16

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Habitat

Spider monkeys live in many places of the world. They usually live in tropical forests in groups of 35." They spend most of their time in the trees."(Mittermeier) The tropical forests they live in are located in South America and Central America. (Spider Monkey) The main countries they are located in is Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.(Catherine Judge Allen) "The spider monkey

generally dos not enter the further southern regions of South America as the terrain becomes mountainous and not to the spider monkey taste."(Spider Monkey 3)

Movement

The spider monkey uses all 4 of its legs when it walks or runs. They also hang, climb and glide through trees. They use their arms to swing from branch to branch, while using their tail for support. When spider monkeys leap they use only two legs, but they can not walk or run on two legs. They usually do not leap, but instead they swing from branch to branch in the "crowns of trees". Spider monkeys often hang in trees using their flexible arms and tail.(Locomotion In Spider Monkeys) The spider monkeys top speed is 35 miles per hour.(Spider Monkey 3)
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Body Covering

"Spider Monkeys have shaggy coats that come in shades of yellow, red or black, turning lighter on the undersides"(Howler Monkeys and Spider Monkeys: Atelidae) Spider monkeys have fur covering every part of their body except for their faces. Adults have "red or pink-skinned faces which are bare except for a very few short white hairs on their muzzles". Unlike adult spider monkeys, baby spider monkeys have darker faces which will become lighter as they age. Spider monkeys have very long arms, long legs, and a flexible tail. (Black spider monkey)
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Diet

Spider monkeys eat many things. They usually find their food in the morning. (Spider Monkey 2). They usually eat and find food in a group, however if there is not enough food for the group, they go off as individuals to find food for themselves. (Catherine Judge Allen) Since they live up high in the trees they eat what they find up there. Some of things they find are fruits, berries, nuts, buds, flowers, spiders, and small insects.(Spider Monkey 2) Sometimes spider monkeys eat leaves. Since the spider monkeys eat fruits and berries, scientists believe spider monkeys play a huge part in spreading the seeds of many plants throughout the South American rainforests" (Spider Monkey 3) "The spider monkey has a very frugivorous diet."(Colombian Black Spider Monkey)

Reproduction

Spider Monkeys Reproduce sexually. Males compete for the same females. Some males are very aggressive compared to other males, however the female chooses her partner on her own. Usually the mother will produce one infant every three years because it takes a long time for the infant to become independent.(Catherine Judge Allen) The reproduction process usually takes 226-232 days to occur.(Spider Monkey 5) The mom carries the infant on her back for the first month of the newborns life. (Locomotion In Spider Monkeys) Spider Monkeys reproduce whenever they want because there is no regular breeding season.(Black Handed Spider Monkey)

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Adaptations

Spider monkeys are very social animals. They are usually in groups of 30.(Black handed Spider Monkey) Spider monkeys use many different ways to communicate with their group members. They bark, screech, and use many other sounds to communicate. These sounds are very loud. (Spider Monkey 4)The spider monkey adapts to their surroundings by using their body parts to swing from tree to tree. They have a "prehensile tail and hook-like hands" which they use to swing beneath tree branches. This tail is longer than the monkeys body. This tail can be used to "pick up fruit, swing by it, hang by it, and even throw things by it. This tail is very useful to the spider monkey.(Black handed Spider Monkey) Some of their predators are Humans, Eagles and Jaguars.(Spider monkey 3)

Other Info

  • Mammals (Spider Monkey 4)
  • Are Omnivore's (Spider Monkey 4)
  • A adult's Size is 14 to 26 inches (Spider Monkey 4)
  • Usually weigh 13.25 pounds (Spider Monkey 4)
  • They usually live for 15-27 years (Spider Monkey 3)
  • They are Omnivore (Spider Monkey 3)
  • Their lifestyle is troop (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In kingdom Animalia (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In phylum chordata (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In class Mammalia (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In order Primates (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In family Atelidae (Spider Monkey 3)
  • In genus Ateles (Spider Monkey 3)
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Work Cited

Allen, Catherine Judge. "Howler Monkeys AND Spider Monkeys: Atelidae."
Research in Context. Vol. 3. Detroit: n.p., 2005. N. pag. Gale Research
in Context. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/ps/
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E%7CCX3447500576&contentSet=GALE%7CCX3447500576>.


De La Bedoyere, Camilla. 100 Things You Should Know about Monkeys and Apes.
N.p.: Mason Crest, n.d. Print.


Gordon, Nick. "Black Spider Monkey." Wildscreen Arkive. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May
2016. <http://www.arkive.org/black-spider-monkey/ateles-paniscus/
image-G43815.html>.


Mittermeier, Russel. "Spider Monkey." World Book. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag.
World Book Advanced. Web. 9 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/
advanced/article?id=ar524990&st=spider+monkeys#tab=homepage>.


"Monkey." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2016. <http://go.galegroup.com/
ps/
retrieve.do?sort=RELEVANCE&docType=Photograph&tabID=Images&prodId=MSIC&searchId=R
1&resultListType=RESULT_LIST&searchType=BasicSearchForm&contentSegment=¤tPo
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"Rain Forest in Peru." World Book. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. World Book Advanced.
Web. 11 May 2016. <http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/
media?id=pc323025&st=tropical+forests>.


"Spider Monkey." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016.
<http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/spider-monkey/>.

Spider Monkey." Utah's Hogle Zoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2016.
<http://www.hoglezoo.org/meet_our_animals/animal_finder/Spider_Monkey/>.


"Spider Monkeyc." Potter Park Zoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 May 2016.
<http://www.potterparkzoo.org/our-animals/mammals/spider-monkey>.


"Black Handed Spider Monkey." Toronto Zoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2016.
<http://www.torontozoo.com/explorethezoo/AnimalDetails.asp?pg=386>.