Paleolithic and Neolithic Times

Jamie Zimmer, Grade 6

Paleolithic Era

Paleolithic Clothing

In the Paleolithic Era, clothing was mostly made of leather due to the large amount of leather they got from their hunts.
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Paleolithic Food

In the Paleolithic Era, people hunted animals and gathered nuts, berries, and other plants.
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Paleolithic Tools and Technology

In Paleolithic Times, the Bronze Age had not yet come, so they did not have advanced tools like swords. They carved arrowheads from stone and attached them to long sticks to make spears. Although these were still weapons, they were very inefficient and weighed a lot. Paleolithic people also made small daggers/swords which were very blunt but still worked in helping hunt.
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Paleolithic Shelters

Paleolithic people usually lives in caves or rough, tentlike structures. They lived in these conditions because Systematic Agriculture was not yet introduced, so they had to move place to place to get food.
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Neolithic Era

Neolithic Clothing

Neolithic people discovered furs, which added comfort and warmth, leather, which was very durable, textiles (wool and goat hair spun into thread) were discovered, and dyes were added to clothing to give them a better look. All of these were not found in the Paleolithic Era, which was far less advanced than the Neolithic Era.
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Neolithic Food

The introduction of Systematic Agriculture led to a large advancement in terms of food. Systematic Agriculture allowed people to grow food in one place and gave people a steady supply of food. Examples of food grown were corn, wheat, and barley.
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Neolithic Tools and Technology

Neolithic people now wanted more strength and beauty in the things they made. People traded for flint and obsidian to use in their weapons and tools. Ever since the Bronze Age, the discovery of bronze after mixing copper and tin, people could mold things into the shape they wanted, unlike stone. This led to sharper weapons and bronze swords.
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Neolithic Shelter

Neolithic shelter was way different from Paleolithic shelter. Since the creation of Systematic Agriculture, people could build more permanent shelters. Neolithic shelter was made of usually mud bricks, and sometimes stones or sticks were added to strengthen the walls or roof.
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Summary

The Paleolithic and Neolithic Eras were very different, because the Neolithic Era was far more advanced than the Paleolithic Era. In the Paleolithic Era, clothing was mostly made from leather from their hunts. Once the Neolithic Era came by, more advanced materials were introduced like textile and dye. People in the Paleolithic Era got their food solely from hunting wild animals and collecting berries and other fruits. The Neolithic Era found out about Systematic Agriculture, the organized growing of food. This was far more organized than Paleolithic techniques of getting food, because they could grow food on a regular schedule and settle in one place. Paleolithic tools and technology were mostly stone weapons, usually with blunt edges because they could not shape them correctly. Once the Neolithic people then discovered a mixture of copper and tin, bronze, they made very sharp swords because they could finally shape their weapons in the exact way they wanted. In the Paleolithic Era, little effort was put in to making shelters because Paleolithic people traveled place to place to get food and needed to make many shelters. In Neolithic times, people made more secure and better looking shelters because they could finally settle in one place after systematic agriculture was discovered. They made houses out of mud bricks, sometimes with stones and sticks mixed in for a stronger structure.