Bullying

A Development of Aggression

Types of Aggression

Aggression is placed by Beck, 2010, in two general categories proactive and reactive aggression (p.269). Understanding these forms of aggression is important for parents because as a child grows their interactions with peers increase as does the levels of aggression. Majority of the research according to Beck, 2010 identifies the following forms of aggression:

1. Physical aggression - inflicting harm on others through physical injury. Some examples include kicking, pushing, biting, and punching others.

2. Verbal aggression - threating physical harm, teasing, making fun of others, and name calling.

3. Relational aggression - interfering with peer relationships, socially exclude relationships, gossip and friendship manipulation.


Bullying can take on many of these traits. Learning to identify and deal with aggression is some of the most important information a parent can obtain to help them understand the development of child relationships.

Origins Of Human Aggression (The Nature Of Things) Part 1.wmv
Origins Of Human Aggression (The Nature Of Things) Part 2.wmv
Origins Of Human Aggression (The Nature Of Things) Part 3.wmv
Origins Of Human Aggression (The Nature Of Things) Part 4.wmv

Are parents to blame?

Parenting skills influence bullying.

The most surprising information supports that parenting skills can contribute to bullying behaviors of children. Georgiou, (2013) reports that children who bully others are more likely to come from families whose parents use an authoritarian approach of raising their children. Authoritarians use harsh and punitive child-rearing practices. Basically children model their behavior toward peers based on observing their parents behavior. Using physical, and verbal aggression toward your child teaches them this type of behavior is acceptable when dealing with others. This creates problems in school, future jobs and definitely in building relationships with others.

Did you teach your child it is ok to hit others?

Spanking kids linked to aggression, verbal issues
How Does an Environment Impact Kids' Behavior? : Parenting Skills for Life

Cyberbullying the 21st Century form of Bullying

The advanced changes in technology has taken bullying to a whole new level. Kids find it easy to hid behind a computer by using social media as a tool to bully others. Schools are faced weekly with disciple actions associated with Twitter, Facebook and other social media. This new form of communication is aiding young people which normally would not participate in bullying to chime in on peoples walls. The power of saying something in text on a persons wall is empowering and causes people to write things they normally would not say in person. As a parent you need to be educated on this new form of bullying. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ (DHHS) anti-bullying website reports 1 in 3 U.S. students say they have been bullied at school or online. Parents, educators and kids can prevent cyberbullying. Together, they can explore safe ways to use technology. Know the facts to protect your child from cyberbullying:


Be Aware of What Your Kids are Doing Online

1. Communication is the key! Talk with your kids about cyberbullying.

  • Know the sites your kids visit (check computer history)
  • Tell your kids that you will review the history do not hide the fact you will check up on them.
  • Try out the devices they use. Add them as friends or follow them on social media.
  • Ask an adult friend to monitor their actions online.
  • Encourage your kids to tell you immediately if they are being bullied.2.

2. Establish rules about appropriate use of computers, cell phones, and other technology. Make the rules simple and verbalize the punishment but follow through with consequences.


3. Make sure your child are aware of school rules associated with social media. The growing problem of cyberbullying has caused most school systems to develop rules for media.


4. Report cyberbullying! If a bully stops bothering you and your child chances are they have just found someone new to harass.


Inform your child to:

-- Never respond back to a bully

-- Block the bully

-- Keep evidence do not delete messages

-- Report the bully to the social media site provider

-- Report acts of violence to Law enforcement

-- Report issues to school officials. Most schools have anti-bullying policies in place and

most cases of bullying online come from interaction between peers in a school

environment.


Your relationship and the importance of parent / child communication is the most important way to prevent your child from being a victim or a bully themselves.

Resources

Berk, L. E. (2010). Development through the lifespan (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.


Cyberbullying and Bullying Statistics 2014, Finally!. (n.d.). No BullyingExpert Advice On

Cyber Bullying School Bullying. Retrieved July 22, 2014, from http://nobullying.com/cyberbullying-bullying-statistics-2014-finally/


eHowFamily (2014, May 3). How does an environment Impact kids' behavior? : Parenting

skills for life [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/Xp4orePg7Wk


Georgiou, S. N., & Stavrinides, P. (2013). Parenting at home and bullying at school. Social Psychology Of Education, 16(2), 165-179. doi:10.1007/s11218-012-9209-z


Globe Trendy (2013, October 23). Spanking kids linked to aggression, verbal issues [Video

file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/6lNZ6IEXBsM


Google Images, (Aggression Image Search) Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search


Nathinita, A (2011, January 19 ). Origins of human aggression (The nature of things) Part 1[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/BelCtlekuik


Nathinita, A (2011, January 19 ). Origins of human aggression (The nature of things) Part 2[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/W0Go3md35nA


Nathinita, A (2011, January 19 ). Origins of human aggression (The nature of things) Part 3[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/Ae3D6kuQGh0


Nathinita, A (2011, January 19 ). Origins of human aggression (The nature of things) Part 4[Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/dxOoc7qMZfg