Bat-Eared Fox

Otocyon megalotis

Classification

Domain Eukarya:


  • Holds 4 kingdoms.
  • Secondly it holds all multicellular cells.
  • Last but not least they all have a nucleus.


Kingdom Animalia:


  • It is all multicellular.
  • The kingdom does not consist of prokaryotes.
  • It is a mobile cell unlike the plant cells.



Phylum Chordata:


  • It has bilateral symmetry.
  • It also has a hollow nerve cord.
  • Lastly it has a complete digestive system.



Subphylum Vertebrata:


  • It has a bony endoskeleton.
  • It always has 2-4 chambers in the heart.
  • Last but not least it has a liver and glands



Class Mammalia:


  • It has 3 bones in the ear.
  • It also produces milk.
  • It has sweat glands.



Order Carnivora:


  • They are semi-aquatic species.
  • Secondly they are long lived animals.
  • Last but not least most of their diet is carnivores.



Family Canidae:


  • It has 5 toes in the front.
  • It has 4 toes in the back.
  • It also is a medium sized animal.



Genus Otocyon:


  • This genus only includes the bat-eared fox.


Species:


  • Otocyon megalotis

General Description


Length: Most of the time bat-eared foxes are 45.56 cm or a foot and a half.

Weight: Bat-eared foxes normally weigh 3-5.3 kg.

Color: Bat-eared foxes have yellowish-brown fur with a bit of black on the tail.

Habitat: Bat eared foxes live in the arid grasslands and savannas. They also live in dens with many tunnels or chambers.

Predators: The predators of the bat-eared fox are jackals and large eagles, but sometimes humans.

Diet: Bat-eared foxes eat small bugs, small rodents and small plants. They get their food by digging for the small bugs. Above ground they hunt for small rodents and eat small plants.

Natural range: Bat-eared foxes live in Ethiopia, southern Sudan and Tanzania.

Physical Adaptations

The upper body of the bat-eared fox is yellowish brown and light gray. That is used for hiding from predators. Bat-eared foxes have big ears (that explains the name). This helps them hear prey underground and helps them lose heat in the hot desert. They also have small teeth unlike big dogs. Close to the size of dolphin teeth, they use them to crush its prey. They also have special jaw muscles. They use this for chewing food faster. They also have claws that are made for digging. They can create their own burrow or enlarge one.

Behavioral Adaptations

Most of the time bat-eared foxes sleep together. This is because they need to keep body heat together. Most nights get very cold where they live. Most of the time the bat-eared foxes are nocturnal. This is to hunt for prey. Sometimes you will see them in the day. They also groom each other to keep each other clean. They are also very territorial. This helps them get food from a safe area. They also learn to escape rather than attack their predators. Bat-eared foxes run away because they are small and weak.

References

Bat-eared fox. (n.d.). In M. Cavendish (Ed.), International wildlife encyclopedia (pp. 165-166). New York, NY.


Bat eared foxes. (n.d.). Retrieved from national geographic website: http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/fox_bateared?source=relatedvideo


http://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/bat-eared-fox


http://www.czs.org/Brookfield-ZOO/Zoo-Animals/Fragile-Desert/Bat-Eared-Fox

Thomson, P. 2002.


"Otocyon megalotis" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Otocyon_megalotis/