Madison Horinek and Drew Breedlove
Cold War- Never actually fought a lot of tension
Containment- trying to stop the spread of communism
DMZ- the place between North Korea and South Korea
Domino Theory-If one country falls others will too
Draft- when the force people to join the army
General William Westmoreland
Ho Chi Minh-Commounist leader of North Vietnam
My Lai Massacre-They killed a village
National Liberation Front-When they tried to liberate Vietnam from communism
Ngo Dinh Diem-Non-comunist leader of South Vietnam
- Pentagon Papers-History of what happened in Vietnam
- Tet Offensive-Largest Military campaign in Vietnam war
Viet Cong-Pro-communist in the South
Vietnamization-trying to help the south
1960 The National Liberation front forms is South Vietnam
1963 Kennedy is assassinated
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected president
1965 first major combat units arrive in Vietnam
1966 Mao Zedong begins cultural revolution in China
1968 Martin Luther King Jr and Robert Kennedy are assassinated
1968 Richard Nixon is elected president
1969 US troops begin their formal withdrawal from Vietnam
1970 Ohio National Guard kills 4 students at Kent state University
1972 Richard Nixon is re-elected
1972 Ferdinand declares martial law in the Philippines
1973 United States signs Cease-fire with North Vietnam and Vietcong
1974 Gerald R. Ford becomes president
1975 Communists capture Saigon; South Vietnam surrenders
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
On August 4, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson announced that two days earlier, U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin had been attacked by the North Vietnamese. Johnson dispatched U.S. planes against the attackers and asked Congress to pass a resolution to support his actions. The joint resolution “to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia” passed on August 7, with only two Senators (Wayne Morse and Ernest Gruening) dissenting, and became the subject of great political controversy in the course of the undeclared war that followed.
The Tonkin Gulf Resolution stated that “Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression.” As a result, President Johnson, and later President Nixon, relied on the resolution as the legal basis for their military policies in Vietnam.
As public resistance to the war heightened, the resolution was repealed by Congress in January 1971.
James T. Conway
Once I cursed at jungle vines
as I crawled in Vietnam.
I was the warrior Prince and sang
my song near the DMZ.
I met the enemy at CamLo and screamed
at him in fighting rage.
He died silently on an ugly hill
and I died silently beside him.
In the terrible thunder of war
We waited, unspeaking of time.
Now I laugh with mountain trout
in mirrored pools of Goose Creek.
I sing with summer winds,
strumming tops of Bighorn pines.
I whisper springtime meadow secrets
to dancing bees in crocus ballrooms.
I cry tears that fall with leaves of quaking asp'
and rest on flags of prairie grass.
In the wintertime I speak
the soft swoosh of a child's sled
on fresh Wyoming snow.
I wait, unspeaking of time.
Country Joe McDonald and The Fish
Peter, Paul and Mary