Vietnam War

Madison Horinek and Drew Breedlove

Terms



  • Cold War- Never actually fought a lot of tension

  • Containment- trying to stop the spread of communism

  • DMZ- the place between North Korea and South Korea

  • Domino Theory-If one country falls others will too

  • Draft- when the force people to join the army

  • General William Westmoreland

  • Ho Chi Minh-Commounist leader of North Vietnam

  • My Lai Massacre-They killed a village

  • National Liberation Front-When they tried to liberate Vietnam from communism

  • Ngo Dinh Diem-Non-comunist leader of South Vietnam

  • Pentagon Papers-History of what happened in Vietnam
  • Tet Offensive-Largest Military campaign in Vietnam war
  • Viet Cong-Pro-communist in the South

  • Vietnamization-trying to help the south

Events!

1960 JFK become president

1960 The National Liberation front forms is South Vietnam

1963 Kennedy is assassinated

1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected president

1965 first major combat units arrive in Vietnam

1966 Mao Zedong begins cultural revolution in China

1968 Martin Luther King Jr and Robert Kennedy are assassinated

1968 Richard Nixon is elected president

1969 US troops begin their formal withdrawal from Vietnam

1970 Ohio National Guard kills 4 students at Kent state University

1972 Richard Nixon is re-elected

1972 Ferdinand declares martial law in the Philippines

1973 United States signs Cease-fire with North Vietnam and Vietcong

1974 Gerald R. Ford becomes president

1975 Communists capture Saigon; South Vietnam surrenders

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

On August 4, 1964, President Lyndon Johnson announced that two days earlier, U.S. ships in the Gulf of Tonkin had been attacked by the North Vietnamese. Johnson dispatched U.S. planes against the attackers and asked Congress to pass a resolution to support his actions. The joint resolution “to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia” passed on August 7, with only two Senators (Wayne Morse and Ernest Gruening) dissenting, and became the subject of great political controversy in the course of the undeclared war that followed.

The Tonkin Gulf Resolution stated that “Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression.” As a result, President Johnson, and later President Nixon, relied on the resolution as the legal basis for their military policies in Vietnam.

As public resistance to the war heightened, the resolution was repealed by Congress in January 1971.

James T. Conway

He graduated college with honors from the Army's Infantry Officers Advanced Course. He served in the United States Marine Core for 40 years. And he commanded 3 different groups of marines in the times that he served. He fought in Vietnam and Iraq.

Robert Sasse

Wrote poems to remember his friends that died in the war.


Listen!
Once I cursed at jungle vines
as I crawled in Vietnam.
I was the warrior Prince and sang
my song near the DMZ.
I met the enemy at CamLo and screamed
at him in fighting rage.
He died silently on an ugly hill
and I died silently beside him.
In the terrible thunder of war
We waited, unspeaking of time.
Listen!
Now I laugh with mountain trout
in mirrored pools of Goose Creek.
I sing with summer winds,
strumming tops of Bighorn pines.
I whisper springtime meadow secrets
to dancing bees in crocus ballrooms.
I cry tears that fall with leaves of quaking asp'
and rest on flags of prairie grass.
In the wintertime I speak
the soft swoosh of a child's sled
on fresh Wyoming snow.
I wait, unspeaking of time.

Songs!

"I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-To-Die-Rag"

Country Joe McDonald and The Fish

"Masters Of War"

Bob Dylan

"Eve Of Destruction"

Barry McGuire

"Universal Soldier"

Buffy Sainte-Marie

"It Better End Soon"

Chicago

" The Times They Are A Changin' "

Bob Dylan

"Draft Dodger Rag"

Phil Ochs

"Where Have All The Flowers Gone"

Kingston Trio

"Blowin' In The Wind"

Peter, Paul and Mary

"Get Together"

The Youngbloods

My Lai Massacre

The U.S. Marines that massacred those innocent people were definitely villains. They had no reason whatsoever for killing those innocent farmers other than the fact that they were vietnamese, which is still not a logical reason at all.