Groundwater

By: Lexi Butcher

What Is Groundwater?

Definition of groundwater

Groundwater- Water held underground in the soil or in pores and crevices in rock.


What processes make water groundwater? Infiltration helps in the process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil.

Porosity vs. Permeability

Porosity - A measure of how much of a rock is open space.

Permeability- The ability of a substance to allow another substance to pass through it.

How does Porosity & Permeability affect the presence of groundwater? Porosity and permeability are two factors that help determine the materials to make a aquifer.

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Explanation of the following words.

Zone of aeration- Region in the ground in which pore spaces are filled with air, and sometimes water.

Zone of saturation- The area beneath the water table where all pore spaces are completely filled with water.

Water Table- The level below which the ground is saturated with water.

Aquiclude- An impermeable body of rock or stratum of sediment that acts as a barrier to the flow of groundwater.

Aquifer- A body of permeable rock that can contain or transmit groundwater.

What kind of effects can depleting our groundwater supply cause?

-wells go dry

-droughts

-more money & energy

-mini earthquakes

-ground subsidence