The southern colonies

Virginia, Maryland, North and South Carolina, Georgia

Virginia

  • The Virginia Colony was the first of the original 13 colonies
  • The Virginia Colony was founded in 1607 by John smith and other colonists including John Rolfe backed by the London Company, at Jamestown.
  • Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn)
  • Virginia was governed as a Royal colony

South Carolina

  • Carolina Colony was founded in 1633 by eight English nobles with a Royal Charter from King Charles II
  • North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729.
  • The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and King Charles II of England.
  • In 1712, North and South Carolina were officially divided.
  • Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies.

Maryland

  • The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore and other colonists, at Baltimore.
  • called Maryland in honor of king Charles 1wife.
  • Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Catholics, Anglicans and others.
  • Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies.