Taiga

Thomas Lopez

Location

The Taiga biome is located in Canada, Europe, and Asia, covering large portions of their land. In Asia and Europe, Taiga is located in Russia, Finland, Sweden, and Norway. In Canada, the Taiga is in the eastern part of the province, Newfoundland and Labrador, and the far-north part of the Yukon Territory. Most of Alaska is a Taiga.

Generalization

The Taiga is the largest biome. It consists of, mainly, conifers in coniferous forests. Most Taiga biomes are located in between 50° latitude north and the Arctic circle. In this biome, you will find animals with large/thick coats of fur because of the cold weather. You won't find a lot of grass, but pines and spruce trees will be seen throughout the biome.

Weather and Climate

In the Taiga biome, the winters are very cold and the summers are warm. Most of the time the temperature is below 0°F. The average yearly rainfall for the Taiga biome is between 12 and 33 in.

Landforms

Streams are the landforms that you could find the most in the Taiga biome. Lakes, rivers, mountains, and valleys can also be found in the Taiga.

Animals

The Taiga biome is known to be the home of the American Black Bear. The reason why it lives here is because its' coat of fur and claws can adapt to the environment. Its' fur can keep the bear warm and the claws are used to climb trees to find food. Other animals are Bobcats, Canadian Lynxes, and Snow-shoe rabbits. These animals hibernate throughout the winter.

Plants

The Black Spruce is a tree that covers most of the Taiga biome. It's a really tall tree reaching to about 25m tall. The Black Spruce can thrive in cold climates, hence it being in the Taiga. Another tree that you could find is the White Fir. It's the only native tree to the Taiga. The White Fir supports the animals living around it too. In the winter, the squirrels and other animals feed on the pine needles. Paper Birch and Eastern Red-Cedar are other trees that populate the Taiga heavily.

Catastrophic Events and Human Impact

Wildfires are the most common catastrophic events that could take place in the Taiga biome. Insects are another threat to the environment. The insects overpopulate and kill off the animals with disease. Humans are also a threat to the environment. Lumber-jacks cut down too many trees, reckless campers start forest fires and dump waste into the water system, rivers, streams, etc.