Mikaela R.

Informational Writing 2016

Table of Contents

  1. All about the Causes of American Revolution
  2. Focus topic: Boston Tea Party
  3. Mini story
  4. Essay
  5. All About Taxes
  6. The First Continental Congress
  7. the Declaration of Independence

Chapter 1: All about the Causes of the American Revolution

Did you know there were many causes of the American Revolution? Some of the important reasons were all of King George III taxes, the French and Indian war, the Boston Massacre and most important the Boston Tea Party.


One of the causes of the American Revolution is the taxes that King George III put on the colonies that made them mad. For example the Quartering Act was when the colonists had to let the redcoats stay in there house. the colonists had no say about them that made them very mad. Another Act that King George III made them pay was the Tea Act. The Tea Act was when British only let tea from England be sold and only their agents could sell it. Another kind of tax is the Sugar Act. It taxed sugar and molasses. The last Act is the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act is when they had to pay money for a special stamps on paper.


Another cause of the American Revolution was the Boston Tea Party. The Boston Tea Party was important because colonists disliked how mush money they had to pay for tea. This lead colonists to dump tea in Boston Harbor. To add on, they dressed as Native Americans because they did want to be recognition by red coats. In the book "If You Lived at the Time of the American Revolution," by Kay Moore it says that Patriots yelled "Rally Mohawks! Bring out your axes and tell King George we'll pay no taxes on his foreign tea!" This proves that the Boston Tea Party was an important event of the American Revolution


Another cause of the American Revolution is the Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre was a big fight. The colonists throw bricks and snowball at the redcoats and the redcoats fought back by shooting colonists. To add on, 3 colonists get killed 4 hurt This shows that the colonists got mad and sad.


The final cause of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War. Colonist fought the Indians and French for King George III. Then King George III had no money so he taxed the colonist In addition King George III says colonist can't live on the land they won. He also leaves 10,000 soldiers in the colonies. This is important because it was one of the first causes that made the colonist angry. Those are some causes of the American Revolution you should know. Next I will tell you about the the Boston Tea Party.

Chapter 2: Focus Topic Boston Tea Party

Do you know why the colonists got so mad at King George III that they dumped tea in Boston Harbor? I will tell you why.


One cause of the Boston Tea Party was the tea taxes. King George III taxed the tea. In addition, colonists can only buy tea from the British East India Tea Company. This made the colonists angry. Another fact is King George III got rid of all the taxes except the tea tax.


Another important thing about the Boston Tea Party is the Sons of Liberty. Sam Adams was the leader of the Sons of Liberty. Sam Adams was the leader and planner of the Boston Tea Party. Another fact is in December of 1773 Sam Adams and 5.000 members of the Sons of Liberty asked the governor to send back the tea and he said no! Sam Adams and some other Patriots come up with a plan to show King George III they were not happy.


December 16, 1773 some Patriots and Sam Adams dressed as a Native Americans . They included John Adams , Paul Revere, Lencall Pitts and Joseph Lovering. They used torches and lanterns to see the wharf. They boarded the ship and threw 342 chests of tea overboard. They were quiet and sneaky. They made sure nothing made it to land. They swept the deck clean.


After the Boston Tea Party King George III found out that the colonist threw tea into the harbor he was mad. King George III sent troops to close the Boston Harbor. He wanted to starve the colonists in Boston until they paid for the tea. It didn't work. Colonists from other colonies sent food and supplies by land. In Maryland, Patriots burned a British ship full of tea in support of Boston.


Now you know why the colonists got angry at King George III that they dumped tea in Boston Harbor.

Chapter 3: Mini Story the Boston Tea Party

It is December 1773 I am waiting on the dock there a lot other people. This help keep me warm because I am cold wearing only a thin dress and aprons and a mop cap. I can see 3 ships on the water, people holding torches to make it bright. All of sudden I hear walking footsteps.I ask my friend "what is that noise?" My friend said "that is Patriots dress as Indians" They are walking to the ship. They were climbing onto the ship! I am wondering why are they on the ship? Then I heard a chopping sound. It sounds like an axe. It is a loud sound . The Patriots are dumping tea in Boston Harbor. Every tea chest makes a Big Splash! As they move they are quiet as a mouse. No one was talking.


After that, I was surprised that the Patriots cleaned the deck. They made sure the tea did not come to land. I was happy because I did not want the British tea in Boston. The Patriots walked near me. They were still quiet and sneeky. I was wondering what will happen tomorrow because the governor and the redcoats might know. I went home and was happy to be out of the cold.


When I got home my husband was at the table. I saw him take feathers off his hat and wipe paint off his face. I asked him "were you at the harbor dumping tea? You know King George III will know that you broke the law!!" My husband said "That's what he gets giving the Tea Act. I don't care what King George III is going to punish us for. " "Well I think it lead to war," I said. "Well, I'm ready to figh!"

Chapter 4: Essay

The Boston Tea Party is an important event leading up to the war because of the Sons of Liberty protested against paying the tea tax and Patriots supported Boston.


One reason the Boston Tea Party is an important event leading to the war is the Sons of Liberty. Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty came up with a plan shoing King George III they are not happy. The Sons of Liberty would protest against the tea tax. They dressed up as Native Americans to dump tea overboard into Boston Harbor. They made sure no tea came on land and no tea was in their shoes.


My last reason the Boston Tea Party was important event leading up to the war is patriots in other colonies supported Boston by giving food and supplies by land after they heard that King George III closed the Boston Harbor. Patriots in Maryland did not like KIng George III either. To show they were mad they burned a ship of tea to show support to Boston.


I realize that the Boston Tea Party was an important event leading up to the war because the Sons of Liberty protested against the Tea Tax and other patriots supported Boston.

Chapter 5: All About the Taxes

The colonists were protesting the Tea Tax when they dumped tea in Boston Harbor but there were many taxes that made the colonists angry. The Sugar Act, Currency Act, Stamp Act, Townshend act and Quartering Act were some of theses taxes.


The Sugar Act in 1764 was when the colonists had to pay for sugar and molasses. It also ordered the British navy to stop smugglers.To add on colonist would not have fair trial with a jury


Another tax colonists had was the Currency Act. The colonists could not use money that they worked for. They had to pay with British money. This helped the British storekeepers in the colonies.


Another act the colonists had was the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act took place in 1765. It made colonists pay for a special stamp. The stamp was put on paper, newspapers, calendars and playing cards. They had to buy the stamp from a stamp agent.


Another act the colonists had to pay for was the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act happened in 1765 it made colonists pay for a special stamp on paper, newspapers, calendars, and playing cards. They had to buy the stamp from a British agent.


A fourth tax was the Townshend Act. The Townshend act began in 1767. The colonist pay tax on glass, paper and paint, and tea. There had to weigh goods and pay with British shilling or pence.


The last tax is the Quarter Act. The first Quartering act started in 1765. King George III used the Quartering Act to raise money to pay for the French and Indian War. The colonist had to help the British soldiers find a place to stay which could be in Inns, barns or their homes. Colonists had to feed soldiers or pay for their food.They had to give rides to the redcoats. They thought this was a tricky way for King George III to keep an army in the colonies.

Chapter 6: The First Continental Congress

I was walking into Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. I saw Ben Franklin talking to Thomas Jefferson, my friend who was also from Virginia. When they finished I asked Thomas "when will the meeting start?" "Hello Peyton. The meeting will start when all 56 of us are here," said Thomas. Another one of the representatives moved to the front of the hall. I heard the sound of a gavel slamming on the table and then "come to order everyone. Settle down."


As I looked around, I saw some of the delegates from Boston: John Adams, Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry. The room was long and dark. Men sat in chairs around the room. I was wondering "how long will this take? Do the other patriots fell the same way I do?" It is time for us to have our freedom from King George III. We need to write our own laws and have our own choices. Many of us were worried. If the British governors found out about this meeting there could be trouble. We began our discussions. "I nominate Peyton Randolph* for president." I was surprised that I was elected the president of the continental congress.I talked to the patriots, "we should be free of King George III!" The patriots said "yes we should be free." we also should make our own laws. someone from Boston said "9 months we just dumped tea in Boston Harbor to show King George that we didn't want to pay taxes". The people of Boston agree but we don't want war. We dont want any more people killed remember the massacre in Boston. This talking went on for a month.


"I am ready to go home to see my Family. finally in October we wrote a list of complaints and how we should live. "let's vote" some delegates voted that we should be free and some patriots said this will lead to war . finally on October 17 we came to an agreement and wrote the Articles of Confederation. we demanded King George III and Parliament change their policies. I left exhausted . Finally I went home to Virginia I am happy to see family. I was thinking "there is still so much work to do." A couple weeks later I heard King Gorge III ignored our list so as we had planned we boycotted British goods. I think this will lead to war.


**Peyton Randolph was the President of the First Continental Congress and the colonies until George Washington was elected the first president of the United States of America. **

Chapter 7: The Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence was written 3 years after the Boston Tea Party. Patriots met at the Second Continental Congress. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. It said America wants to rule itself.


There are four parts of the Declaration of Independence:


  • the Introduction that colonies want to be fee
  • Human Right It said everyone has a right to life, liberty, and be happy
  • List of Complaints listed everything that was wrong.
  • Declaring Freedom stated the colonies will be free


On July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was read to the Second Continental Congress. They finished signing the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. The American Revolution finally ended in 1781.

GLOSSARY

agents - Britsih merchants who sold tea and goods

Articles of Confederation - was the first constitution of the "new" United States

colonies - the first 13 settlements in North America

colonists - people who lived in the 13 colonies

King George III - the monarch of England

Redcoat: is a soldier for Great Britain

Parliament: The government in Great Britain

Patriot: A colonists that fought for freedom like Paul Revere

Sons of Liberty: A group of people that led the American Revolution like Sam Adams