Novel idea vocabulary

kendra petrea

Flashback

Definition: A scene set in a time earlier than the main story

Sentence:When I talk about something from last week, I flashback to that day.

Example: In The Outsiders, Johnny is nervous and always carries a knife. The novel flashes back at one point to let us know that Johnny was beaten up in the past, and now carries a knife with him.

Foreshadowing

Definition: A hint about what is going to happen later in a story

Sentence: A preview is foreshadowing what is going to happen in the tv show

Example: In Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet” Romeo says he prefers to die sooner than live without Juliet’s love. This is foreshadowing because Romeo dies and Juliet wakes up.

Euphemism

Definition: A mild or indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant

Sentence: When my neighbors cat died we told her that he's in a better place now instead of blatantly stating that he was dead: This is a euphemism.

Example:"put to sleep" is a euphemism for "kill"

Symbolism

Definition: The use of an object to represent not only itself, but also something deeper

Sentence: A symbol can be a heart for someone if they are kind, caring, and loving towards others.

Example: In the book The Scarlet Ibis, the scarlet bird is a symbol for Doodle when he dies.

Imagery

Definition: Visually descriptive or figurative language; the senses are used to create an image in a reader’s mind

Sentence: The sweet smell of apples and cinnamon is an imagery of an apple pie.

Example: Charlotte's web is full of imagery when explaining the scene and the surroundings.

Mood

Definition: The way that the reader feels throughout the story

Sentence: "The night was dark and spooky," gives a mood of a scary or creepy feel.

Example: Charles Dickens creates a calm and peaceful mood in his novel "Pickwick Papers": "The river, reflecting the clear blue of the sky, glistened and sparkled as it flowed noiselessly on."

Style

Definition: The particular way in which a writer uses language; created through diction (word choice) or figurative language

Sentence: There is a specific style of writing when you write a journal.

Example: In the book "The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner", this has a very descriptive style of writing and it is easy to get lost in the language.

Structure

Definition: The way in which the author organizes a piece of literature

Sentence: The structure or form of writing can be all different types of styles and layouts.

Example: In a haiku poem the structure has a 5-7-5 syllable line every time.

Inference

Definition: A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning

Sentence: I make inferences on people based on their actions and their personalities.

Example: An inference in the story "The most dangerous game" is that when Rainsford hears the gun shots that means that he is close to land.

Connotation

Definition: An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning

Sentence: Every morning my neighbor takes his mutt to the park. It always barks loudly when leaving the building. This connotation has a negative effect on the word mutt.

Example: The green light in the book "The Great Gatsby" has a figurative connotation meaning

Denotation

Definition: The dictionary definition or literal meaning of a word

Sentence: A rose ia a denotation because it can mean a flower or a symbol for love and beauty

Example: In the book "The Great Gatsby" this quote "I hope she'll be a fool-that's the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool." represents denotation because of the word fool. The word fool can be interpreted in many different ways from being thought of as a fool or having internal thoughts of not being a fool and how that affects her.