You Just Dont Get It
What It's Made Out Off
Tornadoes are usually the very harsh result of a very large thunderstorm called a super cell. During the storm cold air and warm air mixed together. The cold air goes drops as the warm air rises. The warm air eventually twists into a circal and forms a funnel cloud. The sky turns a very dark green color and the tornado begins it can get very out of controll
There is few steps to this forms into a tornado. First, just before the thunderstorm develops, a change in wind direction and it will slows down the wind speed, at an increasing altitude, creates an invisible horizontal spinning in the lower atmosphere. Then rising air with the thunderstorm’s the tornado will tilt the rotating air from horizontal to vertical. After that An area of rotation, 2-6 miles wide is within a storm. The strongest, most violent tornadoes form within this area of rotation. After that, a lower cloud that is in the center of the storm becomes a wall cloud. This area is unlikly to not rain. the last thing it will do is , just a very few minutes later, a tornado will start to come and starts to making a path to where ever it may go
What Tornadoes Are Made Out Off
A Little Bit Of Everything
Each year, about a thousand tornadoes touch down in the United States, more than any other country.Waterspouts are tornadoes that form over a large amount of water.
A strong tornado can pick up a house and move it down the block.
Nebraska, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas is where most tornado hit they most likley strike regularly in the spring and early summer.Many houses in tornado alley have strong basement.Some people have seen inside a tornado with their owneyes lived to tell about it.Knives and forks have been found embedded in tree trunks flung from a tornado.Usually a tornado starts off as a white or gray cloud but if it stays around for a while, the dirt and debris it sucks up eventually turns it into black one.3 out of every 4 tornadoes in the world happen in the United States.
Thunderstorms most likely the one that makes a Tornadoes are called super cells.
Tornado winds are the fastest winds on Earth.A Tornado in Oklahoma once destroyed a whole motel. People later found the motel’s sign in Arkansas.A Tornado can sometimes jump along its path. It can destroy one house and leave the house next door untouched.In 1928, a tornado in Kansas plucked the feathers right off some chickens.In 1931 a tornado in Mississippi lifted an 83 ton train and tossed it 80 feet from the where it was sitting.The United States have an average of 800 tornadoes every year.Each year, dozens of Americans die from tornadoes.Usually, a tornado’s color matches the color of the ground.Some tornadoes make a very loud amount of noise but others make very little sound. It depends on how big the tornado is. A tornado moving along an open plain may make very little noise.
1. A tornado is as a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud that extends from a thunderstorm to the ground with whirling winds that can reach 300 mph.
2. Damage paths of tornadoes can be in can go on for one mile wide and 50 miles long.
3. Tornadoes can occur when a warm front meets a cold front, forming a thunderstorm, which then can spawn 1 or more “tornado
4. Rotating thunderstorms called mesocyclones (or super cells) are the best predictors of tornado activity. Cyclones are well defined thunderstorms on radar that may include hail, severe winds, lightning, or flash floods.
5. Most twisters or cyclones travel from southwest to northeast and can move in the opposite direction for short periods of time. A tornado can even backtrack if it is hit by winds from the eye of the thunderstorm.
6. Funnel clouds usually last less than 10 minutes before dissipating, and many only last several seconds. On rare occasion, cyclones can last for over an hour.
7. A tornado may appear nearly transparent until dust and debris are picked up or a cloud forms within the funnel.
8. Tornadoes can accompany tropical storms and hurricanes once on land.
9. Twisters strike predominantly along Tornado Alley — a flat stretch of land from western Texas to North Dakota. This region is a hotspot for tornadoes because the dry polar air from Canada meets the warm moist tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico.
10. Tornadoes are most fflikely to occur between 3 pm and 9 pm, but can occur at any time.
11. In the southern states, peak tornado occurrence is March through May, while peak months in the northernmost states are late June through August.
Going To Lightning
Cloud-to-ground lightning bolts are a common phenomenon—about 100 strike Earth’s surface every single second—yet their power is very odd. Each bolt can hold up to one billion volts of electricity.
This enormous electrical discharge is caused by an imbalance between positive and negative charges. During a storm, colliding particles of rain, ice, or snow increase this imbalance and often negatively charge the lower reaches of storm clouds. Objects on the ground, like steeples, trees, and the Earth , become positively charged—creating an imbalance that nature seeks to remedy by passing current between the two charges.
A step-like series of negative charges, called a stepped leader, works its way incrementally downward from the bottom of a storm cloud toward the Earth. Each of these segments is about 150 feet 46 meters long. When the lowermost step comes within 150 feet 46 meters of a positively charged object it is met by a climbing surge of positive electricity, called a streamer, which can rise up through a building, a tree, or even a person. The process forms a channel through which electricity is transferred as lightning.
Some types of lightning, never leave the clouds but travel between differently charged areas within or between clouds. Other rare forms can be sparked by extreme forest fires, volcanic eruptions, and snowstorms. Ball lightning, a small, charged sphere that floats, glows, and bounces along oblivious to the laws of gravity or physics, still puzzles scientists.
Lightning is extremely hot—a flash can heat the air around it to temperatures five times hotter than the sun’s surface. This heat causes surrounding air to rapidly expand and vibrate, which creates the pealing thunder we hear a short time after seeing a lightning flash.
Lightning is not only spectacular, it’s dangerous. About 2,000 people are killed worldwide by lightning each year. Hundreds more survive strikes but suffer from a variety of lasting symptoms, including memory loss, dizziness, weakness, numbness, and other life-altering ailments.
How It Is Formed
Lightning is one of the most powerful forces on the planet. It is a natural discharge of the electricity built up in a storm clouds. However how is lightning formed? A lot of its formation is put together with cloud formation. Most lightning is formed as a part of thunderstorms. We know that static electrical discharges such as lightning are caused by separation of charges into positive and negative. Over time more of one charge builds until its a attraction to the opposite charge causes it to migrate in an electrical discharge.In the case of lightning cloud formation is seen as the main way that the separation of charges occurs. This is because clouds are largely made of condensed water vapor. Water has many interesting traits and one of them is polarizing charges on s sertain level. Scientist believe that as water changes during cloud formation an extra charge is made and separated by water molecules. Some scientist see the charges so separated that all of one side of a cloud can be one charge.
There is also the fact that there is a charge on the ground or in opposing clouds. This build up charge is what makes lightning. This makes the discharge of lightning possible. Thunderstorm clouds such as cumulonimbus are the main type of cloud involved in the formation of lightning. This is because the rising and sinking of air that is in this type of cloud causes a bumping of air and water molecules that causes the buildup of a charge.