The 19th Century
Erica, Chris, Corbin
Overview of 19th Century
"The portrayal of the history of medicine becomes more difficult in the 19th century. Discoveries multiply, and the number of eminent doctors is so great that the history is apt to become a series of biographies. Nevertheless, it is possible to discern the leading trends in modern medical thought" (Richardson 1). In the beginning of the 19th century, the structure of the body was almost fully known to physicians all over the world due to microscopy and injections. However, when treating a patient, doctors also had to start understanding the physiology of the mind and not just the anatomical parts of the body. Physicians this day in age now understood that an illness could not just affect the body but also the mind, and both parts of science needed to be known in order to treat their patient properly.
Rudolf Virchow- proved that the cell is the center of all pathological changes
Claude Bernard- research clarified the role of the pancreas in the digestive system, revealed glycogen in the liver, and explained how the contraction and exsansion of the blood vessels are controlled by vasomotor nerves. Bernard also explained the chemical balance in the body and around the cells.
Discoveries in Pathology
Bacteriology is credited to Louis Pasteur, who discovered that fermentation of wine and souring of milk are caused by living miccrorganisms.