Canada and Australia in 2040

By: Navindra Persaud

Comparing Canada to Australia in 25 Years!

Throughout this article you will acquire knowledge about the immigration and demography of both Canada and Australia. A comparison of the present day (2015) and the future (2040) is also included along with a video and a variety of visuals. Moreover, you will also learn about various factors affecting these two countries.

Canada In 2015

Approximate Population by 2015: 35 425 328

Population growth: 79 935 + 196 362 = 276,297 people (757 people daily)

The population has increased and decreased during recent years.

Growth Rate: 1.13% (Increased at a moderate rate at about 1% in recent years)

Natural increase: 357 274 - 277,339 = 79935 people (2.2%)

Net migration: 196 362 (Approximately)

Birth Rate: 357 274 ÷ 35 425 328 × 1000 = 10

Approximate Number of Births: 357 274

Every 88 seconds a baby is born (Approximately 979 per day)

Death Rate: 277 339 ÷ 35 425 328 × 1000 = 7.8

Approximate Number of Deaths: 277 339

Every 114 seconds a person dies (Approximately 760 per day)

Median Age: 40.3 (Approximately 40)

Fertility Rate: 1.66 Children per woman (1.7)

Population Over 60: Approximately 22% of the total population

Push Factors:

-Climate (Cold and Hot extremes)

-High Taxes (depending on region)

Pull Factors:

-Freedom of rights


-Health Care

-Job Opportunities

-Higher Standards of Living

-Multicultural Society


Australia in 2015

Approximate Population by 2015: 23 356 191

Population growth: 123 835 + 163 178 = 287013 people (788 people daily)

The population has increased and decreased during the past years

Growth Rate: 1.63%

Natural increase: 260 162 - 156 327 = 123 835 people (5.3%)

Net migration: 163 179 (Approximately)

Birth Rate: 280 162 ÷ 23 356 191 × 1000 = 12

Approximate Number of Births: 280 162

Every 113 seconds a baby is born (Approximately 768 per day)

Death Rate: 156 327 ÷ 23 356 191 × 1000 = 6.7

Approximate Number of Deaths: 156 327

Every 202 seconds a person dies (Approximately 428 per day)

Median Age: 37 (Approximately)

Fertility Rate: 1.88 Children per woman (1.9)

Population Over 60: Approximately 20% of the total population (23 356 191)

Push Factors:

-Expensive property (houses)

-Expensive food and utilities

-High gas prices in rural areas

Pull Factors:

-Job Opportunities

-High Salaries


-Not over populated

Canada Compared to Australia (2040)

Canada 2040-

Percentage of People 60+: 30% of the population

Median Age: The median age is most likely to increase by quite a bit (compared to 2015) as the life expectancy of current Canadians is going to increase as well according to statistics. Therefore because there are more people living longer, more older ages will be accounted for when calculating this particular statistic. Canada will have a median age over 40 (2015). On the other hand, immigration could also be another factor. Depending if more younger people are immigrating than older ages, then the median age could decrease.

Fertility Rate: The fertility rate might decrease, if not remain the same. This may occur because people (especially women) would have jobs and other things occupying their time. Thus not having the time to raise many babies.

Push Factors:

Higher Taxes, Cold and Hot extremes (Global Cooling/Warming),

Pull Factors:

More job opportunities, Multiculturalism

Australia 2040-

Percentage of People 60+: 26% of the population

Median Age: The median age is likely to decrease or increase by a little (compared to 2015) and the life expectancy will increase. There will be an increase of about 6% of people 60+ (compared to 2015) which shows the increase in life expectancy. However, because of there being more births and more people living in their younger ages, it might out number the elderly. Therefore Australia will have a median age older or younger than 37 (2015)

Fertility Rate: The fertility rate is likely to decrease as many women would be working their jobs most of their time rather than having babies. This is because Australian goods and properties are generally expensive compared to elsewhere. Thus lots of money will have to be made.

Push Factors:

Expensive goods/properties, Lack of certain Internet Shops

Pull Factors:

Better Quality of Life, High Economic standards


Australia's Future As Immigration And Population Grows

This video is about many factors affecting the future of Australia as their population grows.

Canadian Immigration (2015 vs. 2040)

Canadian Immigration 2015-

Top 3 countries of Immigrants (In order): China, India, Philippines

Approximate number of Immigrants annually: 250 000 people

Types of Immigrants:

Family: Immediate Family Members

Humanitarian: Refugees

Economic: Skilled Workers, Business Class, Entrepreneurs

Different Ways to Immigrate: (Application Types)

-Federal skilled workers

-Federal Skilled Trades Program

-Canadian Experience Class

-Quebec-selected skilled workers

-Start-up visa

-Self-employed Persons Program

-Family sponsorship

-International adoption

-Provincial nominees



Applications Assessed by: (The Point System)

67 points needed out of possible 100



-Employment experience

-Arranged employment



Canadian Immigration 2040-

Canada's immigration will play a major role in the population increase, although it will be increasing at a moderately slow rate.

As a result of the world's population increasing, Canada could be looking at a possible increase of 50,000 - 100,000 immigrants a year. The median age of these immigrants could also increase/decrease a little each year (depending on possible age restrictions or other rules).

The ways to immigrate to Canada would be very much similar to as they are today. The point system will still be assessing applications based on education, language, employment experience, arranged employment, adaptability, and age. However, since the population is said to be getting older (higher life expectancy), Canada might put a restriction on certain ages (ex. 80+). The reason for this being is that if you are 65+ the government can not benefit from having you as a citizen. Thus, Canada would be more willing to accept skilled workers, and younger aged adults who can contribute to the economy and improve Canada overall.



Canada's Pensioners Affecting The Economy In The Near Future by Navindra_persaud21

Canadian Demography (2015 vs. 2040)

Canada's population will increase approximately by 7 170 000 people (43 041 000 - 35 871 000). That's an increase of about 20% of our current population in just 25 years! The life expectancy in 2040 will be increased with 8.6% of the population aged 80+, which is more than twice the percentage compared to 2015 (4.1%). On the other hand, there will be approximately 0.4% less births in Canada (5.7 - 5.3). This alone shows the impact of immigrants in Canada as the population is increasing although there are less births. The dependency load will also decrease by 7.7% (67.5 - 59.8), thus increasing the amount of people in the work force.



In conclusion, both Canada and Australia seem to be moving in similar directions based on their immigration and demographic statistics. In the near future, both countries will carry identical qualities as to the fertility rates decreasing, median ages increasing, populations increasing, etc. Furthermore, immigration will play a huge factor in both of their future populations.