Sravika, Pragna, and Soujanya

The Basics Of Respiration 123

What is respiration?

Respiration is the number of breaths a person takes per minute.

How do you record respiration?

  1. Knock on the door or the bed to let the person know that you are there.
  2. Tell them your name and why you are there. Ex. "Hi I'm Doctor ______. I'm here to record your respirations for testing purposes only.
  3. Wash hands thoroughly
  4. Make sure that the patient is in a well rested position
  5. Check the clock to get a starting time
  6. Say "Start"
  7. Count the number of times the chest rises and falls for a minute.
  8. When one minute is up, say "Stop"
  9. Wash hands thoroughly
  10. Record measurements within 1-2 breaths plus or minus.

**If the patient is sick, make sure to have them wear a face mask.

CNA ESSENTIAL SKILLS - Count and Record Respirations (2:09)

Normal Statistics

6 months: 25-40 breaths per minute

3 years: 20-30 breaths per minute

6 years: 20-30 breaths per minute

10 years: 15-20 breaths per minute

Adult: 12-20 breaths per minute

What does respiration show?

  • Respiration rates increase when a person is sick, so checking the rates and comparing may show if a fever is there or not.
  • Illness and other medical conditions might also increase respiration.
  • Helps note whether a person has breathing difficulties.
  • A person with an abnormal respiration rate must visit a doctor to get a check up.

Vital Sign

Respiration is considered a vital sign because it helps recognize illness and other medical conditions that need to be brought to attention. Basically, respiration helps a doctor understand if the patient is fine or not.