The Hindbrain

By Erin Dickman, Kasey Morone, Sara Wacker, Alyx Zibman

The Basics

The Hindbrain (Rhombencephalon) consists of the Medulla, Pons, Cerebellum, and Reticular Formation. It is located in the lower portion of the brain. The hindbrain overall controls motor activity, posture, respiration, heart beat, sleep patterns, and regulates involuntary essential functions. It also provides connection between the spinal cord and the rest of the brain.

Parts of the Hindbrain

Cerebellum

The cerebellum are round stuructures by the Medulla. It is responsible for three major functions: balance, posture, and movement. It is also involved in language and plays a role in motor learning. The cerebellum helps to coordinate the timing to produce movements. It contains over 50% of the total number of neurons in the brain. A healthy cerebellum allows for smooth and straight muscular movements.

Remember: Motor Activity and Involuntary Functions.

Citations

  • wisegeek.org
  • neuroscience.uth.tmc.edu
  • brain.oxfordjournals.org
  • general-psychology.weebly.com,
  • brainexplorer.org
  • gaconline.org