Abiotic factors, Climate, and Rainfall
The tundra has a variety of different plant life. In order for these plants to survive they have to stay low and close to the ground to avoid strong winds. Most plants also have hairy stems to stay warm in the summer.
It is the most common plants in the Tundra. Birds and owls eat the berries from this plant.
it uses it's red leaves, the sun and it's chlorophyll to create heat and keep itself warm.
Diamond leaf willow
It is very soft and can bend easily
The Arctic Poppy has cup shaped flowers so the sun hits the center of the flower.
Arctic Moss has tiny roots to prevent from the permafrost. It stores nutrients in it's leaves so it can grow again in the spring.
Due to the fact it needs little to no water to survive, it is fine in the Tundra even though it has barely any rainfall.
Animals in the tundra have to make a lot of changes to survive. They may add more body weight, change how they fly, or use their fur to their advantage.
An example of cooperation is when polar bears catch the food and arctic foxes follow behind and eat the polar bear's left overs.
An example of competition is when musk Ox's and caribou fight for sedge.
A few predator prey relationships are
- Polar bears eating arctic foxes
- Brown bears eating arctic hares
- Arctic wolves eating musk ox
- Arctic foxes eating lennings
The polar bear's fur is clear making the sun's rays hit it's black skin making it absorb the heat.
Their wings are long and broad which allows them to get the berries on small plants and get prey that are in the water or low on the ground.
The arctic fox eats dead animals and animals already partially eaten. It helps keep the rodent population down and makes good use of the entire animal.
They have large hooves that allow them to walk easily in the snow and marshy tundra in the summer. When climate and other conditions become really bad they can go into a slight hibernation.
The musk ox can survive in the tundra because of it's 24" long hair. During winter they go in bigger groups when they are getting food.
It gives itself multiple layers of fat to keep itself warm. It then will go into hibernation covering itself in sticks and leaves and will use it's body fat so it doesn't have to get food.