Causes of the American Revolution
Brooke Everette 1763-1776
What is the American Revolution?
The American Revolution was a political war from 1763-1776, in which the colonies rejected the British when they started to govern the colonies again. It first started with the Navigation Acts. The Navigation Acts was right after the French and Indian war finished, and England needed to pay off the war debt. In conclusion, they started taxing the colonies and making the colonists pay for their own protection. But, the colonists weren't happy. Two rules that raised anger during the act included: Trade from outside nations had to stop in England and pay taxes to continue on. Tobacco production was prohibited in England; thus, making the colonists upset. Also, during this act, another act was passed. It was called the sugar act. When a colonist bought sugar, England taxed it to an unreasonable price. The rum drinkers certainly were opposed to these acts.
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In 1763, a special proclamation was made after the French and Indian war. King George III issued the proclamation, for the purpose of preventing further conflict with other natives. Again, this resulted in the colonists responding with anger and frustration towards England.
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In this part , the Stamp Act took place. The Stamp Act basically taxed any kind of paper goods that were sold in the colonies. It was created to give England money and also get them out of war debt. In response, Samuel Adams created the Committees of Correspondence. They protested with boycotting the act and sometimes with violence. Another thing that Samuel Adams created was the Sons of Liberty. This group was created for repelling the act of taxing. In 1765, the nine colonies met in New York to discuss the boycotting and the taxation. King George III then had no other choice but to repel the act and approve the newly made Declaratory Act.
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During the Stamp Act protests, Britain sent more troops to watch over the nine colonies. Again, this was another decision that brought up disruption. This led to a new act, called the Quartering Act. This act stated that British soldiers gets a quarter of each colonists home, including: food, rooms, etc.. Two of the major issues the colonists faced with this act were The Writs of Assistance (blank search warrants) and losing Britain.
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In 1767, the Townshed Acts was created. This meant that tea, glass, paper goods, and other things all got taxed. This made the product way more expensive than it's actually worth. Then, the Daughters of Liberty responded in protestation with making their own cloth instead of buying it from Britan (England). Then in 1770, after the acts were repealed, tea was still being taxed which led to The Sons of Liberty attacking the homes of the British and the tax collectors.
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On March 5, 1770, a crowd gathered together around an angry colonist questioning and arguing a British soldier. Samuel Adams then responded (being his heroic and justice filled self) by spreading propaganda towards the situation. In addition, John Adams demonstrated that the colonists valued the right to trial by a jury by representing the soldiers.
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After the (not as dramatic as it sounds) massacre took place, the Boston Tea Party rolled around. Basically, the thing that started this was the Tea Act. This was the act in which the BEIC became the only sellers to the colonies, which made a monopoly over tea. Just like all the acts, the colonists wound up being angry and were forced to pay import taxes to Britain. Then, The Sons of Liberty gathered together, illegally boarded ships with tea, and spilled all 342 crates of British tea.
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This British Tea Party made the British government mad (what a situation change!). Thus, resulting in the Intolerable Acts, or the Coercive Acts ( called that by the parliament). Four laws that were enforced during the acts, were: 1.Stop all trade from Boston to Britain, 2. No town meetings, 3. Britain has total control over colony, and 4. Strengthen the Quartering Act. Other colonies responded to this with stirring up the revolutionary spirit.
So, after all of this information about the causes, you might be asking what is the American Revolution? Well, this was quite a huge series of events that led to a huge change, and freedom of the colonies (now the U.S.A). After this happened, we finally got our land of the free, and the land of the brave. This was quite an accomplishment for all the Americans (colonists). You can thank the original colonists fighting for what we have now.