John Locke

His influence in the development of colonial America

Abridged Biography

John Locke, a philosopher and physician, born August 29, 1632, in Somerset, England, gravely influenced Western philosophy. John's father fought in the army and devoted himself to the English government . However, ironically, John reblled against the English monarchy. He escaped his inherited mindset by introducing himself to the sciences. Locke attended Oxford University and later received his degree in medicine. This occupation exposed him to the Scientific Revolution: the lense of intellect. With this new knowledge, Locke's perspective went through a period of enlightenment. Along with other philosophers, Locke disclosed his new mentality to the western hemisphere beginning the Age of Enlightenment. This period urged societal reform devoid of dogmatism: abusive power of church and kings. Locke promoted the natural rights, "life, liberty, and estate", which allocated some of the power to the people. Thomas Jefferson later incorporated these ideas into the Declaration of Independence, which compelled colonial America to strive for libertation from the English. In order to prevent government tyranny, Locke wrote essays explaining the system of checks and balances, advocating the protection of "life, liberty, and property", and promoting representative government. All of these ideas are clearly displayed in the U.S. Constitution, created in 1787. Due to Locke's writings, the American Colonies shifted from a religious to a educational foundation that established the principles which later led to the liberation of slaves, women's rights, and an overall strong government.
John Locke Biography
Definition: moral uprightness and candor


From the colonial's and English citizen's prespective John Locke demonstrated an immense amount of inegrity: exposing the previously oblivious colonials to the English governments faults and inadequacies. He revealed the abusive powers of both the church and the king, liberating the people from a world of obscurity. The colonials used Locke's morals and philosophies in their Constitution and the Declaration of Independence.


However, according to the English government's perspective, Locke demonstrated an absolute lack of integrity: urging people to rebel against the government. John created Treatise of Government emphasizing the idea of political sovereignty. Locke's Contradicting regulations demonstrated his lack of morality in the eyes of the British monarchy. This immoral behavior also appeared in his essays opposing church rule.


Was he a citizen?

Definition of citizenship: the quality and loyalty a member of a group and/or state should demonstrate


John Locke did not demonstrate the qualities of being a loyal English citizen. As a revolutionary, Locke revolted against the policies of the monarchy which is not what the loyal citizens of England would do. He even got exiled from England as a result of rebelling. John Locke wanted religious tolerance after witnessing Catholics persecuting Protestants, which represented his lack of loyalty to his country church. As a rebellion against the king of England in order to bring forth revolutionary ideas, John Locke was not a loyal citizen of England.