Boreal Forest

By Alexandrea Ward

Definition for Boreal forest

Boreal forests are located in the northern hemisphere and comprised coniferous trees which have needles rather than leaves.

Picture of the Boreal Forest

Map of Boreal Forest

Plant Characteristics

The trees in the Boreal forest are different from a Temperate forest. These trees have needles instead of leaves. The Boreal forest have a low variety of plants.

Boreal Tree With Needles

Description of the global location

The boreal forest biome covers vast areas in the Northern Hemisphere, between the Arctic tundra and the north of Europe, Asia and North America. The largest biome on land is not the hot desert or treeless tundra – it is the boreal forest biome. Boreal forest, sometimes called coniferous forest, is composed of coniferous, evergreen trees that have needle-like leaves

and cones, like pine cones.

Climate characteristics

Average temperatures fall to about -15°C and snow is common. In summer, which lasts only one to three months, temperatures climb towards 20°C and humidity is relatively high.

The weather gets so cold that humans, to survive, must wear something really warm like fur.

Animals of the Boreal Forest

The animals you can find in boreal forests are the elk, porcupine, bobcat, moose, amur tiger, grizzly bear, spruce grouse, snowshoe hare, northern saw-whet owl, cow moose, gray fox, white-tailed deer fawn, mule deer and the black-fly larva.

Resources for people

- The Timber from the trees are used for housing and furniture.

- Paper comes from the trees.

- Fur from animals for warm clothing


- Forest fires

- Global warming,

- Acid rain from sulphur dioxide air pollution.

Interesting fact

- 29% of the worlds forest cover is the boreal forest.

- 85 species of mammals, 130 of species of fish, 32000 species of insects and 300 species of bird live in Canadians boreal forest.