Sickle Cell Anemia

What is Sickle Cell Anemia

Sickle Cell disease is an inherited blood disorder that affects red bloods cells

What kind of disorder is it? And is it autosomal or sex-linked?

Sickle cell is an inherited blood disorder, and it is an auto recessive which means the gene located on one of the autosome chromosome pairs 1-22 .

What are the symptoms/ characteristics of a person with Sickle Cell anemia

  • Blockage of blood flow
  • Severe infections
  • Severe pain
  • Anemia
  • Chest pain and difficulty breathing
  • Strokes
  • Joint pain, athritis

What is the average age of onset ?

About 2,000 babies are born with sickle cell disease each year in the United States

It is more common in male or females or it is not very gender specific?

Males and females are equally affected so it isn't gender specific .

What are treatments?

  • Opioid -pain
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Antibiotics-for infection
  • Oxygen
  • Intravenous or oral fluids

How does Sickle cell anemia affect a person's life ?

  • It affects the time period a person lives
  • Mostly babies that are affected have a very little possiblity to live because of low blood flow

What scientist are doing are doing to eliminate Sickle Cell anemia

John Tisdale led a team of NIH scientists in ground breaking a cure for Sickle Cell anemia .