North VS South
The Great American Civil War
Presidents of The North and South
North's Presdient: North's Presdient was Abraham Lincoln
South's Presdient: South's president was Jefferson Davis
North's Military Leader: North's military leader was Ulysses S. Grant. He had the leadership of Abe Lincoln. There was industrial power, Military power, Greater wealth, and controled shipping.
South's Military Leader: South's Military Leader was Robert E. Lee. They had a strong military tradition, Strong motivation, Skilled with guns and horses. There cotton could be traded for weapons. They fought on home ground.
Causes Of The Civil War
Economic Differences $$$
With Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable. This machine was able to reduce the time it took to separate seeds from the cotton. The Sothern economy became a one crop economy, depending on cotton and therefore on slavery.
The northern economy was based more on industry than agriculture. In fact, the northern industries were purchasing the raw cotton and turning it into finished goods. This disparity between the two set ups a major difference in economic attitudes.
The South was based on the plantation system while the northwas focused on city life.
States vs. Federal Rights
South: South was for States' Rights
North: North was for Federal Rights
Most Northerners didn't like slavery. They felt that it was immoral. Others did not want to have to compete for wages against unpaid slaves.
In the South, people feared that the loss of slavery would bankrupt the South. They had a economic dependency on it.
North wanted higher taxes on foreign goods, they also made their own goods.
South wanted lower taxes on foreign goods, they bought goods oversea instead from the North. It was cheaper to buy goods by sea.
North worked in industries, and they were more educated
South were farmers, and were less educated.
Advantages/Disadvantages That The North and South had
North's Advantages: North's Advantages was they had larger Population, and had factories and were wealthier
North's Disadvantages: North's Disadvantages were their soldiers were not well trained, and they didn't fight on their own land.
South's Advantages: South's Advantages were they got to fight on their own territory, and had
South's Disadvantages: South's Disadvantages were they had a smaller population, and had
no factories, and their Economy relied on North
General Information about the North and South
North's population was 22 million people
They had 2.1 million soldiers in their army. 180 blacks fought, and 130,00 came from slave states
North's Presdient was Abraham Lincoln
North's Military leader
North's Military leader was Ulysses S. Grant
South's Population was 9 million people, and 3.5 million slaves
They had 600,000-1.5 million people in their army
South's President was Jefferson Davis
South's Military Leader
South's Military Leader was Robert E. Lee