The Life and Times of Williams Shakespeare
England during the Elizabethan Era: Use the link for questions #10-12
Women in England: Questions #17-18
Literary Terms and Concepts of Drama: Questions #25-55.
Stage Directions: instructions included in a drama to describe how the work is to be performed on stage including the set, lighting, sound effects, appearance, personalities, and movements of characters, not spoken aloud.
Act: one of the main divisions of a play or opera.
Scene: a division of an act in a play during which the actin takes place in a single location with a break in time.
Blank Verse: Much of Romeo and Juliet is written in blank verse which is unrhymed iambic pentameter with 10 syllables in per line and every syllable is stressed.
Prose: ordinary writing that is not song or song; only lower class character speak this way in Shakespeare's plays.
Shakespearean Tragedy: Drama where the character suffers great misfortune usually resulting from a tragic flaw, fate, or a combination of the two.
Comedy: Literary work with a joyful ending, usually with ordinary characters in conflict with society. Romantic comedies feature problems among lovers and comedy of manners satirically challenges the social customs of a sophisticated society.
Dramatic Foil: a character that shows off the qualities and characteristics of another character. "Romeo and Juliet" example: Benvolio for Tybalt
Monologue: one person speaking onstage while other characters are onstage too. "Romeo and Juliet" example: the Prince of Verona commanding the Capulets and Montagues to cease feuding.
Soliloquy: long speech expressing the thoughts of a character ALONE onstage.
Aside: words spoken, usually in an undertone not intended to be heard by all characters.
Direct Address: words that tell the reader who is being addressed. "Romeo and Juliet" example: "A right fair mark, fair coz, is soonest hit."
Dialogue: conversation between characters that reveals their traits and advances the action.
Comic Relief: Use of comedy within literature that is not a comedy to provide relief from the seriousness or sadness.
Anticlimax: a turning point that is a letdown; the conflict may not be resolved or the ending may not please the audience.
Tragic Flaw: a weakness or flaw in a hero or heroine that eventually causes his or her downfall.
Oxymoron: a combination of words that are contradictory of each other. Example: "Bittersweet"