By Ryan Carroll

Auschwitz I

Auschwitz I was established in April of 1940 to use as a prison for German prisoners and Poland politics that the Nazis didn't like. They would have the prisoners do laborious works that would provide the Germans with weapons and expand their camps to more than they were. They had their first gas chamber in Auschwitz, allowing them to kill their prisoners of their own free will. They soon brought in Jews who lived in barracks on the first campus, where they worked and were experimented on by a German physicians. Of these physicians, the most well-known is SS Captain Dr. Josef Mengele. The German physicians tested "on infants, twins, and dwarfs, and performed forced sterilization and castration of adults." (Auschwitz).

Auschwitz II

Auschwitz-Birkenau was establish in October of 1941. Birkenau was a holding camp for prisoners such as: Jews, and Roma, and they separated both the men and women from each other. They worked tirelessly like slaves for the Germans and were killed off in the gas chambers that they held on the camps grounds.

Around the time that Birkenau was built, they had created a new gas called Zyklon B, which took effect immediately, allowing for the Germans to kill off more prisoners effectively. The person in charge of the camps was Rudolf Hoss who exercised extreme torturous tactics on the prisoners and sentencing multiple groups to death sentences.