Renaissance Religion

CPA British Literature

Introductory Paragraph

In the topic of Renaissance Religion, many figures of power took control and played many roles throughout the course of this time. Some of these people included Thomas Wolsey, Thomas More, King Henry VII, Thomas Cranmer and King Henry VIII. Each of these people contributed a great amount in the Church of England, and all contributed in a variety of ways..

King Henry VIII- J Facchetti

King Henry VIII changed religion immensely. After his many marriages with not having a son, King Henry was excommunicated by the Pope. This caused him to join and lead his own Church; the Church of England. This change was called the Protestant Reformation.

Henry VIII took the throne in 1509. He was known for his many marriages. When he was King he had six marriages. His first wife was Catherine of Aragon. Catherine wasn’t your ordinary woman, she was surrounded by ritual. From her religious roots she was not one of the sex life, sleeping by herself in a locked room most nights (“The Six Wives of Henry VIII”). “Though Catherine had borne him a child, that child was a girl, which, in Henry's logic, did not count” (“Henry VIII Biography”). After the marriage without the son he had always dreamed of, he asked the Church for a divorce. The Church would not grant him an annulment. He became furious and became a part of the reformation and turn into the leader of his own Church. The Church he became leader and a part of was the Church of England. The Church and the reformation broke away from the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church. When he joined the Church he began a marriage with Anne Boleyn. Henry made marriage optional in his Church in case his marriage doesn’t work. Anne did not give him the son he wanted, and she had a series of miscarriages so Henry decided to behead her. Throughout the rest of his life he had a series of marriages where the outcome was divorce because it didn’t have the outcome of a healthy living son.

King Henry VIII influenced and changed religion in the World. He changed it by creating his own Church form where divorce is acceptable. He influenced many people to join his Church, because his Church has similar ordeals to the Roman Catholic Church but had the one difference; marriage.

Mini Bio: Henry VIII

Thomas Cranmer- M Wahlstrom

Religion is an important aspect in the world and even until this day plays a big part in our everyday life. The church wouldn’t be where it is today without the help of Thomas Cranmer. Thomas Cranmer was the archbishop of Canterbury, and he was also a leader of the English reformation. He lived from 1489-1556. He married Johan, which at the time showed he wasn’t interested in partaking in the church and its teachings. He soon became ordained into the church in 1523(BBC History). He then made efforts to spread the knowledge of the bible, which lead to the English reformation. Thomas was also responsible for establishing the basic structures of the English church. He joined the clergy because his father had given all the land to the oldest son because he didn’t have enough land to give each of his children(Glencoe Literature). In 1533 Thomas was forced to become archbishop of Canterbury to his married state. Under the reign of Edward VI Thomas made several doctrinal changes he had thought was necessary at the time. In 1545, wrote a litany that is still used in the church till this day. He also helped complete some common prayers. He had a big role in religion from writing a litany to just making some simple structural changes in the English church. He had died and ended his life in the church by being burned on the stake in Oxford England. (The Modern Era). Without him we would not have the structure or prayers we have today. He is an example of how you have a calling from Christ to be apart of his church. God ultimately knows everyone’s way in life and the path that is right for them.

Archbishop Cranmer and the Prayerbook Tradition

The Church of England- A Smith

The Church of England was officially established as a Christian Church during the Renaissance. Under the throne of King Henry VIII, the church went through a reformation beginning in 1534 (Anglican). King Henry VIII was married to Catherine of Aragon at the time. As Catherine became older, Henry wanted a divorce because she could not bear a child, which would be the heir to his throne when he passed. Divorce is frowned upon by the Catholic Church, and at the time, the pope in Rome led the Church and refused to grant Henry VIII a divorce. The king already had another woman ready to marry him whose name was Anne Boleyn. Even though King Henry tried to allure the pope, the pope refused his offers and again denied him of the divorce. This refusal made King Henry angry, and he asked the Archbishop of Canterbury to finally grant him the divorce, and the archbishop said “yes” (the reformation). Anne became the queen of England, and divorce was no longer inappropriate in the Church of England. As King, Henry decided the Church should teach both catholic and protestant practices (England’s). Members of the Church were pleased with the change since many of them were angry at the Romans for taking so much of their money in church events or ceremonies. Friars at the time began to become lazy because they made money anyway. In 1536, King Henry started to notice the money that clergy members were bringing in, and destroyed many monasteries (Reformation).

King Henry VIII: The Church and The Reformation

Sir Thomas Wolsey- R Soares

Thomas Wolsey was born in Ispwich, England in 1475, though the exact date of his birth is unknown. He received most of his education at Oxford University, and received his bachelor degree at the age of fifteen. Soon after leaving Oxford, he felt a calling to a religious life, and became a priest. As years passed, he was appointed to greater roles in the Catholic Church, and was soon recognized by Henry VII. Henry VII called him to be his chaplain, and sent him on various missions throughout England, which helped Wolsey meet a variety of new people, especially figures of power, which became an advantage for him (Thomas). When Henry VII passed away, his son Henry VIII took his place and appointed Wolsey to be his royal secretary, which helped Wolsey become very close to him. Henry VIII liked Wolsey, thus giving him higher positions politically and religiously. He appointed Wolsey to be the bishop of many dioceses throughout England, and finally made him the chancellor and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. Holding these positions became very beneficial for Wolsey, since he was able to contribute a great deal to the government and to the church (thought he held these great positions in the church, Wolsey was a very greedy, selfish, and sly man (Gwyn). Wolsey’s power soon came to an end when Henry, wanting a divorce from his wife, appointed Wolsey to persuade the pope for permission to do so. Wolsey failed in doing this task since the pope rejected his request, and he was stripped from his title as chancellor and slowly all of his religious titles too. Henry then accused Wolsey of treason, and sentenced him to death. Wolsey died on his way to the Tower of London for his execution in 1530 (Thomas, BBC).

Sir Thomas More- M Chicca

Thomas More attended a catholic school at St. Anthony's school and then went on to continue his education at Oxford University. After graduating there in his early adulthood he was thinking about becoming a priest, he thought about it for four years and even stayed at the Carthusian monastery. A lot of More's friends and family told him he should probably really think about his decision and see if that's what God was calling him to do. After thoroughly thinking about it More decided not to become a priest he instead went into law as a lawyer, and also spent many years helping King Henry VIII in Parliment. More did such a great job helping King Henry, that he knighted him in 1521 and was elected as speaker of the House of Commons. In his adulthood More was given many important jobs from King Henry because he thought very highly of him. More wrote pieces defending King Henry against Lutheranism and Martin Luther. In 1529 More became chancellor of England but when he found out king Henry was trying to become head of the church he strongly disagreed with him and then was persecuted because of it, which makes him a martyr.(Gradesaver) One thing More was known for was his book “Utopia” about a land that was created and was the perfect place, there was no violence, crime, poverty, nothing bad ever happened it was perfect.(Sargent)

MChicca, JFacchetti, RSoares, ASmith,MWalhstrom