Chinese Civil War

Summary of the Chinese Civil War

The Chinese Civil War traces back to 1927 with the Shanghai Massacre and the collapse of the First United Front. The Civil War started again in 1945 and went on to 1949. It was between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalists. They started to fight again for the control of China in 1946. The CCP were able to capture Beijing in early 1949 and the CCP leader, Mao Zedong, declared the formation of the People's Republic of China (PRC). According to, The Chinese Civil War," Nationalist generalissimo Jiang Jeshi was forced to retreat to Taiwan, where he established an alternative government called the Republic of China (ROC)" (Alpha History). Jeshi had tried to make pacts and treaties with Mao, but they didn't quite work. In Taiwan, he made the ROC and went on to fight and try to gain some territory in Japan. Mao also sent some troops to go to Japan and take some territories. In Japan is where the CCP and the Nationalists fought for Japanese-held territories. The communists won a lot of battles which later led on to the establishment of the People's Republic. The Chinese Civil War affected a lot of things and the main one was China's population. China had lost 2.2 million military men and also lost more than 20 million civilians. The CCP secured victory in 1949.

Why is the Chinese Civil War traced back to the 1920's?

Many historians say that the start of the Chinese Civil War was in 1927 with the Shanghai Massacre. It all started in April 1927 when Guomindang forces attacked members of the Chinese Communist Party. More than hundreds of Communists were arrested and tortured. A lot of them were mostly executed or assassinated. This event also known as, "April 12th Incident" was a crucial moment in the Chinese Revolution. Most of the surviving communists were forced to go underground or into areas outside Guomindang control. This event also marked the end of the First United Front between the CCP and the Guomindang. Later on, many Guomindang continued its purge of Communists. Many Communist were killed and also a lot of people said they just vanished. A source claims that 12,000 communists were killed in a three-week period. This event also caused more violence because the Communists were fighting the left wing Nationalists in Wuhan. The thousands of Communists that were underground wanted to fight back but weren't able to.

Annotated Bibliography

"The Chinese Civil War." Chinese Revolution. 17 Apr. 2014. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.The Chinese Revolution comes from the Alpha History. The Alpha History is able to provide a variety of information on the topic that I'm researching. The Alpha History website has good and quality information because it's explained through fully The Civil War comes from and it has a ton of information on how the war starts in the 1920's to how it ends. It also goes on to the reconstruction of China after the Civil War. The information provided is really detailed and I was able to get good information from here. This website lacks on how the information is written out in that format.

"Communists Win China's Civil War." Communists Win China's Civil War. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.The Communists win China's Civil War comes from the Macro History and World timeline. It provides quality information on how the Communists finished and were able to win the war. It lacks the background information on how the Communists were able to get to Japan.

"The Shanghai Massacre." Chinese Revolution. 22 May 2013. Web. 22 Sept. 2015. The Shanghai Massacre comes from the Alpha History. The Alpha History is good because it has in-depth information on the Chinese Revolution which covered the Chinese Civil War, the Shanghai Massacre, etc. The Alpha History lacks to define some terms that are used like it uses the Guomindang forces but it never really specifies what it is.

"Long March." A&E Television Networks. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. The Long March comes from is a good cite because it gives us good information and also includes videos so we're able to understand it better. is structured well and gives us a background on why it starts, during the march, and the end.