Montgomery Bus Boycott

By: Meghan Clair

Summary

The boycott officially started on December 1, 1955. The African Americans of Montgomery sacrificed transportation to fight for what is right. They stopped using the bus service, and either carpooled or walked everywhere. The first hint of rebellion like this was done by Jo Ann Robinson, but was put in to full motion with Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was on the bus home after a long day, a white man boarded the bus and told her to move. She refused, leading to the cops being called in and her being arrested. Nixon heard about her arrested, found out why, and used her case to break down segregation. People spread the word of boycotting the bus service and succeeded on the boycott. This made Montgomery realize how important the African Americans were to the economy. With them not riding it crushed the local economy. In response to this the government made more buses non segregated. The white people were infuriated. They tried to stop the boycott, but fail and turned to violence by bombing Martin Luther King Jr's and Nixon's homes. After theSupreme Court ruled it unconstitutional the boycott ended on December 21. 1956.

Impact

This event caused segregation to be questioned and later banded on buses, which would lead to less segregation in public areas, because people would be more willing to fight against it. This helped teach America that segregation is extremely unconstitutional and needed to be fixed.