The Civil Rights Movement


The Civil Rights Era

The Civil Rights Movement contributed to making the United States a more equal and just society by introducing acceptance and the true meaning of equal rights. Although we claimed to be a country that is for the people, we discriminated against our own people, and limited their rights as U.S citizens. Many Civil Rights activists used nonviolent protests and civil disobedience to bring change. During the civil rights era, many of those heroes were left unspoken. There were hundreds of people that lost their lives for freedom and equality.

The Civil Rights Movement transformed American democracy, it was a model for other groups; women, students, gays, and so on. Not much later in history, other groups spoke up and fought for their rights as well. Despite the civil rights gains, discrimination remained a significant factor in American life.

Tactics & Strategies

There were many tactics/strategies used during the civil rights movement. In my opinion, the most effective strategy used was nonviolent protests. During the late 1950s to early 1960s nonviolent protests were very successful.

An effective nonviolent protest was the Birmingham Campaign, in 1963. The tactics that were used for this protest were marches and sit-ins to end segregation in public businesses. After these tactics were used many segregation signs came down and more public places were open to all races.

Another successful tactic was boycotts. A well known boycott was The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a protest campaign against racial segregation on the public transit system in Montgomery, Alabama. The protest was held in 1955, many blacks stopped taking buses to work which caused the transit system to lose money. After a little over a year of participating in this boycott, a federal court found that the laws in Alabama requiring segregated buses was unconstitutional.

Unsung Heroes

James Reeb

James Reeb was a young white minister who was a member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Reeb appreciated social actions, and so he became active in the civil rights movement, in the 1960s. He went to Selma to protest for African Americans voting rights. He went out to dinner with two other ministers who supported African Americans, they were later beaten for doing so. Reeb was admitted to a hospital, where doctors performed brain surgery, he died two days later. His death resulted in a national outcry against white racists in the South.

George Lee

George Lee was an African-American civil rights leader and minister. He was the first 'black' to register to vote in Humphreys County, Mississipi. Lee spoke at the council's annual meeting, which drew a crowd of more than 7,000. A month after his speech, Lee was hit by gunfire, while he was driving home later at night. He later died in a hospital.

Important Groups


The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was an African-American civil rights organization in the United States. They wanted a society in which all individuals had equal rights and were not to be discriminated based on their race. They wanted to fight in many court cases to overturn segregation. For example, Norris v. Alabama, Morgan v. Virginia, and Sweat v. Painter.


The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an African-American civil rights organization. Their goals were to eliminate segregation and for African-Americans to have the ability to register to vote. Their main focuses were public transportations, housing, and accommodations. They performed various nonviolent protests, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott.