Spectral tarsier

Tarsius tarsier

Description

  • Tarsius tarsier-mammal
  • gray to buff gray, soft fur large eyes/ears, tail is bare except last 1/3
  • 29.5-40 inches long (including tail), F: 102-114 g; M: 118-130
  • trills, twitters, duets; because territorial, know others' locations, alarms
  • eyes larger than brain, eat insects more than half its size, leaps more than 40x body length

Food Chain

  • carnivorous- eat many insects+small: birds, reptiles, non-insect arthropods
  • hunts and forages throughout rainforest in groups (uses moonlight; unusual)
  • prey are many small terrestrial vertebrates, insects
  • predators can be arboreal snakes, civets, monitor lizards, owls, raptors, feral cats

Habitat

  • Indonesia, Asia
  • rainforests (secondary growth forests)
  • hot, humid, but cooler when active (at night)
  • most common: complex aerial roots of strangling figs

Adaptation

  • hind limbs help it jump enormous distances to avoid predators; ears
  • stays in groups to gang up on a threat; sing warning to group members
  • eyes- nocturnal vision and grabbing insects; rotate head 180 degrees; ears
  • hunt on/near ground, support all members of group; leap far distances accurately to catch flying prey

Critical Information

  • rainforests of Indonesia being destroyed like field of matches; global warming
  • habitat diminishing; increasing temperatures means less rainfall (rainforest needs rain); pet trade, also hurts humans (disease)
  • protected by international treaties, national law; need to improve public awareness (eat crop pests)

Vulnerable (could be Critically Endangered)

Citations

photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/berniedup/7911590496/">berniedup</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/">cc</a>


photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/yasa_/8480819047/">yasa_</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">cc</a>


photo credit: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjaypk/6062310640/">Sanjay P. K.</a> via <a href="http://photopin.com">photopin</a> <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/">cc</a>

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