Great Wall Of China!
Facts! BY: MADDIE
WHO: It all started way back in B.C. when the Ming Emperor wanted a great wall for China. Men were sent to build and fix up the Great Wall of China. Ordinary working people and slaves were forced to work on the wall. Some even say Emperor Qin Shinuang was sent to work on the Great Wall. A popular legend is about a girl named Meng Jiang Nu, a wife of a farmer who was forced to work on the wall during the Ching Dynasty. When she heard her husband had died while working she wept until the wall collapsed, revealing her husbands bones so she could berry them.
WHAT: The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortification. The wall is made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials. The Great Wall is a single, continuous wall built all at once in a myth. In reality, the wall discontinuous network of wall segments built by various dynasties to protect China's northern boundary. The length of all Chinese defense walls built over the last 2000 years is approximately 31,070 miles circumference is 24,854 miles. The Great Wall of China is the longest man-made structure in the world!
WHERE: The Great wall of China winds up and down across deserts, grasslands, mountains, and plateaus. The most visited section of the great wall is in Badaling, close to Beijing. As early as B.C., a number of smaller walls and watch towers had been built around the country. Each state that was united had its own individual wall. The Great Wall of China, which has been in the list of the Seven Wonders of the world is a masterpiece of architecture located in China.
WHEN: The Ming Dynasty were the ones who came up with the Great Wall of China. The Ming Dynasty started building the wall (1368-1644). During the Chinese revolution (1966-78), the Great Wall was seen as sign of despotism, and people were encouraged to take bricks from it to use in their farms of homes. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) the wall was substantially repaired on more than twenty occasions. In 2004 there were 41.8 foreign visitors to the Great Wall.
WHY: The seventh century B.C., it was built in order to protect the various dynasties from raids by Mongol, Turkic, and other nomadic tribes coming form areas in modern day Mongolia and Manchuria. During the Ming Dynasty nearly one million soldiers were said to defend the Great Wall from "Barbarians" and "non-Chinese." During the 1800's the western section of the Great Wall included watch towers to provide defense for the Mediterranean travelers near the western part of China. In 1938 the Great Wall was used during the Sino-Japanese War. The Great Wall, during the late 20th century has been included in the worlds greatest historical sites and continued maintenance and rebuilding is required.
HOW: During construction, the Great Wall was called " the longest cemetery on Earth" because so many people died building it. The Great Wall was built by connecting Northern sections that had been built during the Spring and Autumn period (8th-5th century B.C.) The Great Wall of China is about 30 feet high and 15 feet wide with watch towers up to 40 feet tall. The Chinese invented the wheel barrow to use for building the wall. Parts of the Great Wall were surrounded by defensive moats, which were either filled with water or left as ditches.