All About Acids

Tyler Loh & Chris Hansen

Properties of all Acids and Bases

Arrhenius, acid-base reactions are characterized by acids, which dissociate in aqueous solution to form hydrogen ions (H+) and bases, which form hydroxide (OH−) ions.Acids are defined as a compound or element that releases hydrogen (H+) ions into the solution.

Household Products

  • Vineger (Acid)
  • Ammonia (Base)
  • Pineapple (Acid)
  • Soap (Base)
  • Rust Stain Removers (Acid)
  • Drainer Liquid (Base)
  • Coca-cola (Acid)
  • Laundry Detergent (Base)

Properties of Acids & Bases


  • Acids change litmus paper to red, have a sour taste, and react with bases to neutralize their properties.
  • Bases change litmus paper to blue, have a slippery feeling, and react with acids to neutralize acids.
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How to form the formula

Acid Formula's

Example 1: Cyanide(CN) = Hydrocyanic Acid (HCN)

Example 2: Nitrate(NO3) = Nitrous Acid (HNO3)

Example 3: Chlorate (CLO3) = Chloric Acid (HCLO3)

Base Formula's

Example 1: Sodium(Na) = Sodium Hydroxide

Example 2: Calcium(Ca) = Calcium Hydroxide

Example 3: Lithium(LI) = Lithium Hydroxide

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Neutralization

Neutralization is a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other. If an acid were to spill, a base would be poured on top if it so it would neutralize. Neutralization occurs when the first reactants of each chemicals swap places and that is call a double displacement reaction.

Example: HC2H3O2 + NAOH = NAC2H3O2 + H2O

Molarity

Molarity equals the moles of the solute divided by the liter of the solution. Higher the molarity the more dangerous the solution.
Example: pH = -log(Acid)