All About Acids
Tyler Loh & Chris Hansen
Properties of all Acids and Bases
Arrhenius, acid-base reactions are characterized by acids, which dissociate in aqueous solution to form hydrogen ions (H+) and bases, which form hydroxide (OH−) ions.Acids are defined as a compound or element that releases hydrogen (H+) ions into the solution.
- Vineger (Acid)
- Ammonia (Base)
- Pineapple (Acid)
- Soap (Base)
- Rust Stain Removers (Acid)
- Drainer Liquid (Base)
- Coca-cola (Acid)
- Laundry Detergent (Base)
Properties of Acids & Bases
- Acids change litmus paper to red, have a sour taste, and react with bases to neutralize their properties.
- Bases change litmus paper to blue, have a slippery feeling, and react with acids to neutralize acids.
How to form the formula
Acid Formula'sExample 1: Cyanide(CN) = Hydrocyanic Acid (HCN)
Example 2: Nitrate(NO3) = Nitrous Acid (HNO3)
Example 3: Chlorate (CLO3) = Chloric Acid (HCLO3)
Example 1: Sodium(Na) = Sodium Hydroxide
Example 2: Calcium(Ca) = Calcium Hydroxide
Example 3: Lithium(LI) = Lithium Hydroxide
Example: HC2H3O2 + NAOH = NAC2H3O2 + H2O