Mostly mountainous region with isolated valleys, rivers and small islands. These land factors prevented the construction of one united city state at a massive scale. The terrain divided Greece into a collection of large city states.

Spartan Life

Sparta was a military city state in Greece with male and female soldiers. At age seven boys were taken from their families and put in bunkers where they trained to be soldiers. Women were also trained to fight to protect their homes and children while the men were out fighting.

Spartan Government

Sparta had a hybrid diarchy / aristocracy system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.

Athen Life

Athens was a philosophical city state in Greece were various forms of art and literature originated from. Athens traded with other city states and architectural ideas diffused with other cultures such as pillars.

Athens Government

Athenian democracy developed in the Greek city-state of Athens, comprising the central city-state of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, around 508 BC. Athens was one of the first known democracies. A large number of the male population took part in government. The Athens believed that women were inferior to men. Athens was ruled over a direct democracy.

Greek Contributions

The Ancient Greece culture has made many contributions to western civilization. The ancient Greeks affected art, government, sports, and philosophy. Here's a painting of "The Rape Of Proserpina" by an Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini during ancient Greece. The Greek culture has had a very profound impact on the way people live nowadays. Aristarchus, an Athens astronomer, discovered that the Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. Greek also started the Olympics.