The Bill of Rights
By T-Jay Nguyen
The Bill of Rights
The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, and Petition
New York Times.co Versus United States
New York Times published confidential Vietnam war tactics and strategies to the public, it was meant for only government officials to see, but due to freedom to press, the New York Times.co won this court case.
The Second Amendment: Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia
Bliss Versus Commonwealth
Bliss had a sword, hidden in his cane and stated that he had the rights to bear arms, so Bliss won the court case.
The Third Amendment: No quartering of soldiers
An officer broke into a mans house to gain tactical advantage against the criminals that lived next to the home, the officer was charged of quartering soldier by the owner of the house. the owner of the house won the court case.
The Fourth Amendment: Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures
Katz Versus United States
Katz held illegal gambling in a house but cops did not have any search warrant so they could not track conversations or what was happening in the house, Katz won the court case.
The Fifth Amendment: Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.
Barron Versus Baltimore
Barron had a beach, and then because of the weather, Barron's sand had washed away somewhere to Baltimore and he reported that Baltimore "stole" his sand, about 500$ of sand had been washed away from his beach. Baltimore won the court case.
The Sixth Amendment: Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.
Gideon Versus Wainwright
Gideon broke into Panama City and stole money, Wainwright could not afford an attorney/ lawyer so the government gave him a free lawyer. Wainwright won the court case.
The Seventh Amendment: Right to Trial By Jury
Harvey Milk Case
Dan White killed Harvey Milk and George Moscone, Dan White said he was suffering from deep depression and his diet consisted of mostly junk food so he blamed it on the junk food that he was depressed and decided to kill two people, the court believed him and he only sat in jail for 8 years, no death sentence. Dan White won this court case.
The Eighth Amendment: Excessive Bail, Cruel Punishment
Gregg Versus Georgia
Gregg was involved in a murder case of 5 different people he was going to get the death sentence but the law changed and he was got away with the murder of 2 people. Gregg won this court case.
The Ninth Amendment: Other rights of the people
Roe Versus Wade
Roe said her life was invaded when the government was in her business and said she couldn't abort because it was against the law at the time, and she tried to do it illegally so the government tried to stop her, but she said it was her rights because it was her body so she got to do what she wanted to it, and Roe won the court case.
The Tenth Amendment: Powers reserved to the states
Hammer Versus Dagenhart
Dagenhart had his teenage children work in the factory with him, and when they out-law the rules that disabled child labor Dagenhart was mad and went to court to prove that his business needed and depended on his children labor, so Dagenhart won the court case.