The Bill of Rights

By T-Jay Nguyen

The Bill of Rights

The Bill of Rights is what protects us, as citizens. It protects our freedom and guarantees that we have will militia protection no matter what.

The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, and Petition

Definition: Freedom to talk, state opinions, follow/ worship who you please, form groups, and speak against the government of course, without punishment.

New York Versus United States

New York Times published confidential Vietnam war tactics and strategies to the public, it was meant for only government officials to see, but due to freedom to press, the New York won this court case.

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The Second Amendment: Right to keep and bear arms in order to maintain a well regulated militia

Freedom of weapons, the government cannot stop you from buying guns, but you might have to serve in your local army/ militia if called and necessary. You also have the rights to defend yourself, using as much force as necessary.

Bliss Versus Commonwealth

Bliss had a sword, hidden in his cane and stated that he had the rights to bear arms, so Bliss won the court case.

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The Third Amendment: No quartering of soldiers

Freedom to allow you to permit whether a quartering soldier can stay in your house or not, you can say no. You do not have to provide them with shelter, food, water, ETC.

Nevada Case

An officer broke into a mans house to gain tactical advantage against the criminals that lived next to the home, the officer was charged of quartering soldier by the owner of the house. the owner of the house won the court case.

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The Fourth Amendment: Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures

Freedom to protect your property. Police, Government Officials, State Troopers, ETC. needs a search warrant from the jury to seize your house and search for what they are searching for.

Katz Versus United States

Katz held illegal gambling in a house but cops did not have any search warrant so they could not track conversations or what was happening in the house, Katz won the court case.

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The Fifth Amendment: Right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, double jeopardy.

If you commit a crime that is inhumane and horrid then a group of Juries cannot search charge you more than once, and you are not subjected to speak during trial and you are fairly trialed, and you will not receive a cruel punishment if u lose the case, the worst punishment is death by injection ( 2014 )

Barron Versus Baltimore

Barron had a beach, and then because of the weather, Barron's sand had washed away somewhere to Baltimore and he reported that Baltimore "stole" his sand, about 500$ of sand had been washed away from his beach. Baltimore won the court case.

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The Sixth Amendment: Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.

If you are summed to court try to go to court as soon as possible or you might be sitting in jail, trial must be public, you can have helpers such as lawyers, eye witnesses, and more. The government also has to tell you what you are being sued for and why.

Gideon Versus Wainwright

Gideon broke into Panama City and stole money, Wainwright could not afford an attorney/ lawyer so the government gave him a free lawyer. Wainwright won the court case.

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The Seventh Amendment: Right to Trial By Jury

You are permitted to put up a civil case if you are being charged for money related issues, and the case cannot be brought up twice even if you confess after you won the case.

Harvey Milk Case

Dan White killed Harvey Milk and George Moscone, Dan White said he was suffering from deep depression and his diet consisted of mostly junk food so he blamed it on the junk food that he was depressed and decided to kill two people, the court believed him and he only sat in jail for 8 years, no death sentence. Dan White won this court case.

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The Eighth Amendment: Excessive Bail, Cruel Punishment

This amendment guarantees justice, if you do something wrong, you will receive a punishment equal to what law you broke.

Gregg Versus Georgia

Gregg was involved in a murder case of 5 different people he was going to get the death sentence but the law changed and he was got away with the murder of 2 people. Gregg won this court case.

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The Ninth Amendment: Other rights of the people

You have all rights, these cannot be taken away if they are mentioned in the Bill of Rights or not.

Roe Versus Wade

Roe said her life was invaded when the government was in her business and said she couldn't abort because it was against the law at the time, and she tried to do it illegally so the government tried to stop her, but she said it was her rights because it was her body so she got to do what she wanted to it, and Roe won the court case.

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The Tenth Amendment: Powers reserved to the states

The constitution says that the states can do anything in their power, if the law is not listed then the states can do that. if federal government doesn't restrict, unless the states make that law then they are out ruled.

Hammer Versus Dagenhart

Dagenhart had his teenage children work in the factory with him, and when they out-law the rules that disabled child labor Dagenhart was mad and went to court to prove that his business needed and depended on his children labor, so Dagenhart won the court case.

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