International Relations 1919-1945
Treaty of Versailles
The Paris Peace Conference took place in 1919 after the end of the First World War in an attempt to make peace. This conference was attended by leaders of Britain, David Lloyd Geore, France, Georges Clemenceau and The U.S.A by Woodrow Wilson. The result of this conference was the Treaty of Versailles.
Each member had a different aim for what the treaty should be. Clemenceau wanted to be extremely harsh upon Germany as France felt they had been most affected by them. David Lloyd George didn't want to be as harsh but still believed that Germany should be given the right punishment. Mr Wilson did not want to be too harsh, wanting to build a more peaceful and positive world from the Great War.
Lloyd George, Clemeneau, Wilson
Terms of The Treaty
A Treaty was finally decided on, these were the following terms of the treaty:
- WAR GUILT: Germany had to admit starting the war.
- REPARATIONS: Germany had to give money to the allied forces for the damage caused by the War. The amount was set at £6600 Million. This had to be changed as it was such a large amount and the country would not have finished paying it until 1984.
- TERRATORIES AND COLONIES: The oversea empire that Germany had was taken away. This would automatically improve relations as it was a cause for arguement before the war. These colonies became "MANDATES" Which were controlled by the LoN.
- ARMED FORCES: Germany's Armed Forces were reduced a lot, to a point that it would not be in any state to invade. The army was limited to 100'000 men. Conscription was banned. The use of armoured vehicles, submarines, aircraft. Only 6 Battleships were allowed to be used. The part of Germany on the west known as the Rhineland was Demilitarised. This would stop any invasion into France.
-LEAGUE OF NATIONS: The League of Nations was established. This was a group of Countires that would work towards a better world. Only countries who were "peace-loving" were allowed to join. The League of Nations was a kind of International Police.