Causes of The American Revolution

The reasons that we fought for our independence

Quartering Act

The Quartering Act was passed in 1765 by King George III. It required that colonists shelter and provide basic needs for the soldiers stationed in North America. Colonists didn't like this because they were being told to share their house with a stranger. The soldiers were also unpleasant sometimes and told to spy for Britain.

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre took place in 1770. Colonists were protesting the Townshend Acts, which applied a tax to imported goods. They threw rocks at British soldiers, and the soldiers eventually fired into the crowd. Five colonists died. Afterwards, to get more people to fight against the British, protesters made it sound like a coordinated attack by British soldiers on defenseless colonists.

The Intolerable Act

The Intolerable Act was a law that was made to punish colonists in Masssachusetts for the Boston Tea Party, which was when the Sons of Liberty boarded a British ship and dumped tea into the harbor. The Intolerable Act closed the Boston Harbor until the tea was payed off. Since the Boston Harbor was how Massachusetts made money, they couldn't pay for the tea. This made colonists very angry, so they called it the Intolerable Act.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

In 1775, British soldiers marched from Boston, Massachusetts to Concord, Massachusetts to take the colonists' weapons. Paul Revere and William Dawes rode to warn them, so they were ready when the British came. When the British soldiers arrived at Lexington, the colonists fired at them. The first shot was called "the shot heard around the world" because people were shocked that the colonists would fire at the most powerful army in the world. This began the American Revolution.
The Boston Tea Party

1. What was the law that placed a tax on tea called? 2. Why did Parliament pass a law that placed a tax on tea? 3. What did the colonists do to protest the law? What were the results?

This cartoon, called "The Horse America, Throwing his Master", means that America is "throwing off its master", which is Britain. The cartoon shows America as the horse and Britain as the man. The man is also very chubby, which implies that he might not be able to control the horse/America.

1. What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?

2. Why were the colonists unhappy with the Tea Act?

3. What was the first battle of the American Revolution?