ocular albinism-both parents most carry a defective OCA gene

Definitions & Causes of Disorder

  • The discovery of the mechanisms which fell behind albinism followed the discovery of tyrosinase activity. In 1908,Sir Archibald Garrod (1857-1936), a British physician and scientist, suggested that albinism was probably due to the failure of an intracellular enzyme.
  • Sometimes, a kid or an animal might be born with a body that can't make a normal amount of melanin. This is what happens with albinism, which can show up as a lack of pigment in the skin, eyes, hair, fur, or feathers of that kid or animal. There are different kinds of albinism. Some kids with albinism might have pale skin or hair. Other types of albinism might affect only the eyes.
  • Do to the lack of melanin, albinism can trigger to many other diseases and conditions. the primary one is melanoma, also known as skin cancer scenes there skin is unprotected by the solar UV rays.
  • One person in 17,000 has some type of albinism. Albinism affects people from all races. Most children with albinism are born to parents who have normal hair and eye color for their ethnic backgrounds.

Treatment and Research Outlook

Treatment Information

  1. sunglasses to protect the eyes from UV rays.
  2. protective clothing and sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays.
  3. prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems.
4. surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements.

By Mario Chavez

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