Notebook Paper Cradle to Cradle
Environmental Science End of Year Project
How is it made? (Sample Video Below)
Raw Materials? Where are they from? How are they extracted?
Wood fiber from sawmills can be put in, and wood are some raw materials that can be put in. Different types of wood are used, coniferous type trees are called "softwood" and deciduous type trees are called "hardwood". They come from trees in which there can be tree farms or just the forest. They are extracted using heavy machinery, and harvested by turning into a pulp.
How is it used and what is the lifespan?
What happens when its no longer needed? Is it toxic? How long to break down?
The product is either thrown away, in which it joins landfills (35% of the weight in landfills is discarded paper of all kinds) or recycled. In the pulping process, there is pollution created, which is harming to the environment. Also, in the recycling process, in the process of deinking the paper, there is a harmful sludge created as a byproduct that needs to be properly disposed of as well.
“Pulp and paper is the third largest industrial polluter to air, water, and land in both Canada and the United States, and releases well over 100 million kg of toxic pollution each year” - Wikipedia
- This attains to all kinds of paper products, not just notebook paper, so one must keep that in mind.
According to a study by SD State, notebook paper can take 2-4 weeks to break down.
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle - Order of Importance
- "How Paper Is Made." How Products Are Made, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016. <http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Paper.html>.
- "Pulp (paper)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulp_(paper)>.
- "Read "Wood in Our Future: The Role of Life-Cycle Analysis: Proceedings of a Symposium" at NAP.edu." LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT FOR PAPER PRODUCTS. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2016. <http://www.nap.edu/read/5734/chapter/9>.
- "Environmental Impact of Paper." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_paper>.
- "Don't Trash the Planet." Science Discovery Series (1995-2003): n. pag. Web. 18 May 2016. <https://www.sdstate.edu/sdces/districts/south/1/minnehahacounty/upload/Dont_Trash_the_Planet.pdf>.