- Climate varies from region to region on the elevation and the monsoons.
- The dry season alternating with wet monsoons creates significant temperature differences in the winter and summer.
- In the north, winters are long and cold, but the short summers are sunny and hot.
- In the center of the country, along the Chang Jiang, there are four seasons, including hot summers and cold winters.
Writing, Language, Religions/ Belief Structures
- Historians of China have traditionally dated the beginning f Chinese civilization from the founding of the Xia.
- Shina under the Shang dynasty (about 1750 b.c. to 1045 b.c.) was primarily a farming society ruled by an aristocracy whose major concern was war.
Political and Social structures
- Shang king ruled from the capital city Anyang.
- The Shang king ruled from the capital city Anyang.
- The king was responsible for defending the realm and controlled large armies, which often fought on the fringes of the kingdom.
- The Zhou dynasty continued the political system of the rulers it had overthrown.
- During Zhou dynasty, the basic features of Chinese economic and social life began to shape.
- After almost eight hundred years, the Zhou dynasty collapsed.
- For centuries, the dynasty ruled wisely and efficiently, but later Zhou rule declined intellectually and morally.
- Confucius was known to the Chinese as the First Teacher.
- Pictographs are picture symbols, or characters, which represent an object.
- An aristocracy is an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed from one generation to another.