Chinese Civilizations

Chinese Culture

  • Climate varies from region to region on the elevation and the monsoons.
  • The dry season alternating with wet monsoons creates significant temperature differences in the winter and summer.
  • In the north, winters are long and cold, but the short summers are sunny and hot.
  • In the center of the country, along the Chang Jiang, there are four seasons, including hot summers and cold winters.

Writing, Language, Religions/ Belief Structures

  • Historians of China have traditionally dated the beginning f Chinese civilization from the founding of the Xia.
  • Shina under the Shang dynasty (about 1750 b.c. to 1045 b.c.) was primarily a farming society ruled by an aristocracy whose major concern was war.

Political and Social structures

  • Shang king ruled from the capital city Anyang.
  • The Shang king ruled from the capital city Anyang.
  • The king was responsible for defending the realm and controlled large armies, which often fought on the fringes of the kingdom.


  • The Zhou dynasty continued the political system of the rulers it had overthrown.
  • During Zhou dynasty, the basic features of Chinese economic and social life began to shape.


  • After almost eight hundred years, the Zhou dynasty collapsed.
  • For centuries, the dynasty ruled wisely and efficiently, but later Zhou rule declined intellectually and morally.


  • Confucius was known to the Chinese as the First Teacher.
  • Pictographs are picture symbols, or characters, which represent an object.
  • An aristocracy is an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed from one generation to another.
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