By: Michelle Shores 2nd Period
~What is Industrialization?~
Industrialization is the development od industries for the machine production of goods.
The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. Individual manual labor is often replaced by mechanized mass production and craftsmen are replaced by assembly lines. Characteristics of industrialization include the use of technological innovation to solve problems as opposed to superstition or dependency upon conditions outside human control such as the weather, as well as more efficient division of labor and economic growth.
Industrialization played a big part in the lives of those living in the nineteenth century. Railways were built, connecting areas of the country and creating the beginnings of nation and regional economies. Increasing industrialization particularly hurt the family economy, or the cottage industries, as traders found they could increase their profits by buying from factories. Since it drove prices down, it also made it more and more difficult for cottage industries to find enough work and make enough money to survive. The breakdown of the family economy helped to create major cultural changes for the French working class as the family began to have less control over all aspects of one's life, such as choice of employment and marriage partner.