Supervising the Curriculum
Teachers and Materials
Focus of Supervision
The focus must be on defining, establishing and constantly reinforcing a “Growth Mindset” (Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, Dweck) in yourself as a supervisor, within the teachers and most importantly the students.
- Focus must be on the written curriculum, taught curriculum and the supported curriculum
- Authentic leadership is often the key to developing a successful supervision program. The leaders must be true leaders with vision.
- The role of curriculum leaders is shaping what is taught and tested, but also breaking the “fixed mindset” pattern of all involved.
Approaches to Curriculum Supervision
1. Farrell’s “Backward Model”
All learning begins in the text
- Teachers job is to engage and activate prior knowledge
- Multiple close reading of texts should be routine
- Independent mastery of text is critical
- Writing is thinking/Teachers should write as much as the students
2. Hunter’s Essential Elements of Good Lesson Design: “Forward Model”
Oral instruction followed by permanent Scaffolding-Front-loading prior knowledge.
- The “Good Lesson” Elements
- Anticipatory Set
- Objective & Purpose
- Modeling-Seeing several examples
- Guided Practice
- Independent Practice
3. Glickman’s Developmental Supervision
Emphasis on the development of teacher thought; help teachers increase their conceptual level of development.
4. Costa and Garmston’s Cognitive Coaching
In this model, the supervisor’s goals are to create and manage a trusting relationship, to facilitate teacher learning by restructuring teacher thinking, and to develop teacher autonomy.
- Crush the fixed mindset and internalize the growth mindset
- Exclusive attention on direct assistance/ clinical supervision
- Teacher thought-oriented approach
The Vital Role of Curriculum Supervisor
Bottom line: If teachers are have instilled a growth mindset they can figure everything else out with guidance and support.
- Staff Development must engage (Ted talk)
- Observations should be like coaching not evaluating. Administrators need to have tact and no fear.
- Teachers need fast immediate effective feedback; Administrators need time to provide such feedback.
- Individual development (Growth Mindset) is vital to keep administrators sharing and exchanging growth and knowledge.
- How to motivate? Inspire, Hard-work, passion
- Teacher as entrepreneur