Figurative Language Study Guide

By: Briana Torres

Different Types of Figurative Language

Simile; When you are comparing two things using "like" or "as" Ex: your like a domestic animal.

Metaphor; When you are comparing two things without using "like" or "as" Ex: She is a turtle when she is running.

Assonance; in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel in non rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo. Ex: The night was dark while the dogs bark.

Alliteration; When there is a same letter or sound at the beginning of a word. Ex: Peter Piper picked pickled peppers.

Hyperbole; When you over exaggerate, Ex: We have been waiting hear for years.

Onomatopoeia; Sounds that describe something like: for example POW!!!!

Idiom; is a form of expression where it means something, for example it's raining cats and dogs.

Irony- situational; describes a sharp discrepancy between the expected result and actual results in a certain situation. dramatic; giving the spectator an item of information that at least one of the characters in the narrative is unaware of. Verbal; statement in which the meaning that a speaker employs is sharply different from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.

Personification; When you give something that is not alive human forms. Ex: The tree branches sunk up on me.

Imagery; visually descriptive. Ex: I looked out the window and I saw the sun going down like a sinking rock.

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