Rabies Vaccination

Vaccine-Preventable Disease

What is Rabies?

  • Prevalence/incidence: The annual results for the incidence/prevalence of rabies is 18,000 cases. The incidence rate in the United States is 1 in 15,111. The worldwide incidence of rabies is 10 million cases (Right Diagnosis, 2015).
  • Risk factors for the disease: The most at risk for this disease are lab workers and children. Lab workers work with live rabies and children tend to play with animals and receive animal bites (World Health Organization, 2016).
  • Etiology: Rabies are spread through an animal bite or insect bite or sting (Google, 2016)
  • Nature: Rabies effects the body by having pain in the muscles, seizures, sensitivity to light, loss of appetite, aggression, fear, etc (Google, 2016).
  • Signs/symptoms: Signs and symptoms of rabies is fever, headache, excess salivation, muscles spasms, paralysis, and mental confusion (Google, 2016).
  • Adverse effects: The mortality rate for rabies is always fatal. The the mortality rate is 99% which is pretty much 100% (World Health Organization, 2016).
  • Treatments: If you were to get rabies, it is important to seek medical attention after the bite or sting. There is no specific treatment for rabies but once a symptom appears it is nearly to always fatal. Only a vaccine can prevent rabies (Google, 2016).

Common Questions?

  • Why is rabies a public health concern? Rabies is a public health concern because if rabies isn't eliminated, expenses related to prevention of the disease in both humans and animals are likely to increase dramatically in developing countries (World Health Organization, 2016).


  • What is a public health recommendation to prevent/reduce rabies? A public health recommendation to prevent/reduce rabies is getting the vaccination for rabies before or after the bite (Google, 2016). You can also stay away from animals as much as possible because the transmission for rabies is human-to-animal.

References

Right Diagnosis. (2015). Prevalence and Incidence of Rabies. Retrieved from http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/r/rabies/prevalence.htm.


Google. (2016). Rabies. Retrieved from https://www.gstatic.com/healthricherkp/pdf/rabies.pdf.


World Health Organization. (2016). Rabies. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs099/en/ and http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/rabies/en/.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Rabies Vaccination: What Everyone Should Know. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/rabies/public/index.html.


National Band. (n.d.). Rabies Vaccination Tag Styles. Retrieved from https://nationalband.com/dog-and-cat-tags/.