The Holocaust

AN IN DEPTH REPORT BY ABDELRAHMAN ATIA

What was the Holocaust?

The Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning 'Sacrifice by fire', between 1933-1945 a Holocaust took place in the Nazi-controlled Germany and other Nazi-controlled territories. It was the state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews under the Nazi regime and its collaborators. It was also labeled as a genocide as a Hitler led Germany wiped out the majority of the Jewish race. Not only Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Communists, homosexuals, Jehovah's witnesses, mentally and physically disabled citizens were also caught up in the bloodshed. This massacre was carried out through public shootings, public hangings, public burning, death camps,starvation and mass gassing (refer to Source 1). Hitler was trying to cleanse the German population from pure Aryans and 'dirty' and/or 'tainted' blood.

What triggered the Holocaust?

The Holocaust did not happen suddenly, it was the end of a long anti-sematic process. The Nazis had come to power in 1933, and used propaganda and terror to enforce their anti-Semitic policies. Laws were passed by the Nazis called the Nuremburg Laws. These laws took away all the human rights of Jews. They were able to be mistreated in any way possible and it was all legal (refer to Source 2). The Nazis believed that exterminating the Jews was justified because the Jews were not only an 'evil' race, but were affecting the lives of the Germans negatively. As the 'pure Aryan race', it was therefore their right and obligation to get rid of the Jews. Anti-Semitism was a large part of the Nazis ideas. Hitler wanted to exterminate all Jews.

What aspects of the Holocaust still exist?

Some aspects of the Holocaust still exist in modern society, one aspect in particular is genocide. An example of this is the terror group Isis murdering non-Muslims (see Source 3). This can be labeled as a small scale genocide and can be linked back to the Holocaust which was a large scale type of genocide. Another aspect of the Holocaust was the economic boon to the government after they stripped Jews of all their property. This still occurs today when companies or people go bankrupt and they start to be stripped of their assets and properties.

How did the Nazis single out the Jews?

German officials and Nazis extinguishing Jews from everyone else identified Jews residing in Germany through death records, bank details, synagogue membership lists, routine but mandatory police registration forms, the questioning of relatives, and from information provided by neighbors and officials. In the territory occupied by Nazi Germany, Jews were identified largely through Jewish community membership lists, identity papers, captured documents and police records. On November 14, 1935, the Nazis issued the following definition of a Jew: "Anyone with three Jewish grandparents; someone with two Jewish grandparents who belonged to the Jewish community on September 15, 1935, or joined thereafter; was married to a Jew or Jewess on September 15, 1935, or married one thereafter; was the offspring of a marriage or extramarital liaison with a Jew on or after September 15, 1935". After capturing most of the Jews in their territories, Nazi officials decided to make sure that all captured Jews looked the same, they done this through shaving their heads and putting them in stripped uniforms (see Source 4).

Is their proof the Holocaust existed?

Many people deny that the Holocaust existed and that there was no genocide of Jews but in fact there is evidence to believe beyond reasonable doubt that the Holocaust did exist. that Nazi Germany's Final Solution policy aimed only at deporting Jews from Nazi-controlled territories and included no policy to exterminate Jews; that Nazi authorities did not use extermination camps and gas chambers to massacre Jews; and that the actual number of Jews killed was lower than the figure of 5 to 6 million. There is concrete evidence meaning pictures (refer to Source 5), personal and witness accounts, films, documents and physical objects.

How did the enemies of Germany respond to the Holocaust?

How did the Germans murder so many Jews without being stopped? Germany's allies had information about the Wannsee conference and the 'Final Solution' but their response was to wait and not retaliate. One response was to allow Jewish residents to stay in the country indefinitely. The allies argued that they did not have the capacity to conduct accurate air raids on Nazi concentration camps. They felt that a speedy victory in the war was the best method to put a stop to the Nazi atrocities and to save the Jews. Another response was to boycott the German industry (see Source 6) so less money would come into Germany.

Bibliography

Sahistory.org.za

How and why did the Holocaust happen? | South African History Online

In-text: (Sahistory.org.za, 2015)

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Bibliography:

Sahistory.org.za, (2015). How and why did the Holocaust happen? | South African History Online. [online] Available at: http://www.sahistory.org.za/article/human-rights-issues-during-and-after-world-war-ii-focus-nazi-germany-grade-12-2 [Accessed 25

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In-text: (Sixmillioncrucifixions.com, 2015)

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Bibliography: Sixmillioncrucifixions.com, (2015). Why did the Holocaust start?. [online] Available at: http://www.sixmillioncrucifixions.com/Why_did_the_Holocaust_start.html [Accessed 25 Mar. 2015].Mar. 2015].


Ushmm.org

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In-text: (Ushmm.org, 2015)

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Bibliography: Ushmm.org, (2015). Common Questions about the Holocaust — United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.ushmm.org/educators/teaching-about-the-holocaust/common-questions [Accessed 25 Mar. 2015].

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In-text: (Wikipedia, 2015)

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Bibliography: Wikipedia, (2015). Holocaust denial. [online] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_denial [Accessed 25 Mar. 2015].

Wikipedia

The Holocaust

In-text: (Wikipedia, 2015)

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Bibliography: Wikipedia, (2015). The Holocaust. [online] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holocaust [Accessed 25 Mar. 2015].

(This is what the citing website done when I chose 'Harvard Style' Bibliography)