Figurative Language

Metaphor, Personification, Idiom, Hyperbole,and Alliteration


Definition: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in a place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them.

Example: The boy has a heart of a lion.

Meaning: The boy is very kind.


Definition: assign human characteristics to inanimate objects

Example: The angry clouds marched across the sky.

Meaning: There were dark clouds across the sky.

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The clouds are not actually angry.

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This actually means that the clouds are dark and it is storming.


Definition: A group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of individual.

Example: It is raining cats and dogs.

Meaning: It is raining really hard.

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This does not actually means it is raining cats and dogs.

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This actually means that it is raining really hard.


Definition: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

Example: My feet are killing me.

Meaning: Your feet really hurt.

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Your feet are not really killing you.

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This actually means that your feet really hurt.


Definition: When lots of words in a sentence or phrase start with the same sound.

Example: Sally sells seashells at the sea shore.

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Short Story

Today Billy was going to the fair. When he woke up, the sun said hello to him. Billy got ready and raced down the stairs. His brother drove him to the fair.

After riding the Ferris Wheel Billy said, " I am so hungry I could eat a horse." So, Billy and his brother Timmy went to get some food. As they were walking, Billy saw Sally selling seashells by the seashore. They continued walking and Timmy wanted to go in the haunted house. Billy did not want to and Timmy said," Come on you chicken." In the end they ended up going inside of the haunted house.

When they came back out it was pouring. Billy yelled," It is raining cats and dogs!" So they ran back to the car and went home.