My Future Home

Science CPT by: Karolina Kuflewksi

Sustainable Ecosystems

1. How would you create a "green" environment around your home? Which plants would you include in your design? Why?

I will live in a Temperature Deciduous Biome. In the environment around my home I will include temperature deciduous trees like maple, oak and elm trees because they have leaves on them which produce more oxygen than pine trees. Also, in the summer, the leaves will shade my home and windows, cooling it down, and in the winter the leaves will fall off and let sunshine into my home, warming it up. I will also plant Bristly Sarsaparilla, Dwarf rasberry flowers and the Redcurrant bush. I will plant these because the Bristly Sarsaparilla blossoms into blue berries, the Dwarf Rasberry blossoms into rasberries and the Redcurrant blossoms into redcurrants, which means i can have fresh fruits in the summer instead of buying them from the grocery store. I will also plant grass and different kinds of shrubs and bushes for more oxygen.

2. What plants would you "farm" in your vegetable garden? Why? What types of pesticides and fertilizers would you use in your garden? Are there any you would avoid? Explain.

I would farm strawberries and wild rice because they are both native to Canada. I already have flowers that blossom into other berries so I would not need to farm any other foods. I would not use any chemical pesticides but I would use my own homemade compost fertilizer soil. I would avoid all pesticides because I would want to keep my plants natural and chemical free and I would not want to kill any non-target species.

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3. What mode of transportation would you choose to park in your driveway? Why?

I would choose to have a bike for small trips into town, a friend near by etc. I would also have a Tesla rechargeable car that will be in a solar panelled garage. This car is good for the environment because it does not use gas but has a battery that can be recharged which does not cause pollution. Also, when I can, I would carpool with my neighbours or friends.

4. What types of waste management systems would you include in your home design?

In my home I would have a recycling, garbage, and compost waste management system. I would have these because the recycling will be reused and not dumped at a garbage site and the compost I would use for my homemade compost soil.

5. Which endangered species would your family sponsor at your local zoo?

My family would sponsor the Tigers. There are only 3,200 tigers left in the world because of people tearing their homes down, because of urban expansion, the tigers can't hunt their normal diet animals, but hunt livestock and domestic animals and people shoot them, and because of waters rising because of climate change. We would donate money monthly for researchers and people at WWF to do their best to save these beautiful creatures.

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Atoms, Elements, and Compounds

1. Research three chemicals found in your home which can be toxic to humans or your pets. Look for some alternatives that you could replace these chemicals with.

1. Windex- can have negative affects if ingested or can even cause cancer, so some eco friendly alternatives to Windex are:

  • vinegar
  • baking soda
  • salt
  • lemon juice
  • and many more
2. Bleach- some ways to not use this harmful chemical but keep your clothes white are:
  • using oxygen-based bleach, like OxiClean
  • use the sun; the ultra-violet rays bleach the clothes while they dry, however, this may fade the colours
  • soak in distilled white vinegar
3. BPA- is found in plastics like plastic water bottles or containers. Some alternatives are:
  • store liquids and food in glass, stainless steel or porcelain.
2. Choose one of the chemicals and identify the elements which make up this chemical. Please draw the Bohr-Rutherford diagram for your chosen element.

I chose bleach. In this chemical, there is the element chlorine, and 3 main compounds, sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, and hydrogen peroxide. The elements that make up sodium hypochlorite are sodium, carbon, iodine, and oxygen. In calcium hypochlorite, the elements that make it up are, calcium, oxygen, carbon, and iodine2. Lastly, the elements that make up hydrogen peroxide are, hydrogen2 and oxygen2. For my element I chose calcium.

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3. Which group or chemical family of the Periodic Table is this chemical located in?

Calcium is located in the Alkaline Earth family group.

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4. Is your chosen element a metal, non-metal or metalloid?

My chosen element is a metal.

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The Characteristics of Elictricity

1. What type of electrical energy source will you use for your home? How sustainable is your choice of energy source for future generations?

The type of electrical energy I would use are solar panels, wind mill, geothermal, and the Tesla home battery. Solar panels would be good for the area I will be living in because I would get about 9-14 hours of sun daily all year, which benefits because we will be awake in the hours of sunlight. Wind mills will help the solar panels because if we ever have to get up earlier or in the winter when the days are shorter it gives us power, even with a small breeze. Geothermal energy will give us heating and hot water. The Tesla home battery will give the home power if there is little or no sun or wind because it stores energy that is not used from solar panels and wind mills. My choice of energy sources, I think, is very sustainable because there will always be wind, sun and heat in the earth.

2. What types of physical structures make a house more energy efficient? How can you design a home that will reduce wasted energy?

Physical structures that make a house more energy efficient are well insulated walls, good windows and doors that shut well so there are no drafts, and a well insulated and structured roof. These are important so no cold air comes in the house during the winter while there's heating on, or no cool air escapes the house in the summer when there is air conditioning on.

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3. What type of appliances will you choose for your home? Explain why you have chosen these appliances?

I will buy Crate and Barrels new eco friendly furniture and accessories. The furniture is made from hardwood from companies that are responsible and accessories are made of bamboo, that is renewable. For all my electrical appliances, I will buy from companies that work with EnergyStar or EnerGuide. These programs use up only the amount of electricity it needs, no more or less.

4. What type of light bulbs would you include in your home design? Why?

The type of light bulbs I will use will be LED lights. I was originally thinking florescent, but I learned that florescent light bulbs are very bad to recycle. LED lights are easy to recycle because they are covered with plastic, they don't heat up so all the energy goes to the light, and they don't use a lot of energy.

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The Study of the Universe

1. Include at least two different types of technology in your future home that has been developed or researched due to space exploration. Describe how these technologies were invented.

1. WARP 10- the WARP 10 was designed to temporarily relieve muscle and joint pain, arthritis, stiffness, muscle spasms, and promotes muscle relaxation. I will use this in my future home because it uses LEDs and are used by U.S soldiers for "self-care".

2. Water Conservation on Space Shuttle- any liquid (like urine or water used to shower or wash your hands) is recycled and put through the water purificators that has charcoal and silver ions that neutralize pathogens in the water. After that, the water is used very scarcely. That is what my home will have to preserve water and not have any water wasted, but recycled.

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2. Will you have a telescope in your home design? Which planets would you observe?

Yes, of course I would have a telescope. I love space and looking at the stars at night. I would observe every planet and constellation and star that I can. I would observe the milky way, all the planets, and I would observe all the constellations and learn more about them.