Water and Minerals
Functions: Component of: biotin, thiamin, insulin, some amino acids, important to cell respiration.
Food Sources: All protein-containing foods (meats, fish, eggs, dairy, legumes, nuts), onions, garlic, cabbage, brussels sprouts, turnips, kale, lettuce, kelp and other seaweed, and raspberries
Water: That thing you drink
substances allows your cells to use valuable nutrients, minerals, and chemicals
in everyday processes. The average adults body is generally 50 to 60 percent water. Human blood is about 92 percent water, muscle, and brain tissue about 75 percent and bone is 22 percent water.
Almost all body cells need and depend on water to perform their functions.
Water is a carrier, distributing essential nutrients to cells, such as minerals, vitamins and glucose.
Water removes waste products including toxins that the organs’ cells reject, and removes them through urines and faeces.
Water participates in the biochemical break-down of what we eat.
Water has a large heat capacity which helps limit changes in body temperature in a warm or a cold environment. Water allows the body to release heat when ambient temperature is higher than body temperature (1). The body begins to sweat, and the evaporation of water from the skin surface very efficiently cools the body.
Water is an effective lubricant around joints. It also acts as a shock absorber for eyes, brain, spinal cord and even for the foetus through amniotic fluid.
How much water do you need?
adequately hydrated consume 2.7 liters (about 91 ounces) of total water daily
from all beverages and foods. Men consume 3.7 liters (about 125 fluid ounces)
from all sources.
Typically, about 80 percent of total water intake comes from beverages, including
drinking water, coffee, tea, and cola. Contrary to popular belief, there is no
convincing evidence that caffeine in coffee, colas, and other beverages is
The remaining 20 percent comes from moisture found in foods. Nearly all foods
have some water. Milk, for example, is about 87 percent water, eggs about 75
percent, meat between 40 and 75 percent, vegetables from 70 to 95 percent,
cereals 8 to 20 percent and bread around 35 percent.
Plastic bottles are the least recycled plastic beverage bottle in the world, often piling up in landfills which will take hundreds of years to break down.
Tap water and bottled water are generally comparable in terms of safety. So the choice of tap or bottled is mostly a matter of personal preference.