Type 1 Diabetes

2.3.1 A Day in the Life of a Diabetic

Background of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is the type of diabetes that typically develops in children and young adults. In type 1 diabetes the body stops making insulin and the blood sugar (glucose) level goes very high. Treatment to control the blood glucose level is with insulin injections and a healthy diet.

Recommended Diet for Type 1 Diabetes

Carbohydrate counting plays a key role in helping to balance insulin intake with the food you eat. Eating healthily comes highly recommended and can play a part in helping to prevent the development of complications. Eating a balanced diet, containing a variety of different vegetables, will help to provide many nutrients that the body needs. Try to include foods containing unsaturated fats such as nuts, avocados, and fish.

Role of Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustments

The main goal of treatment is to keep blood sugar levels in the normal or near-normal range. Checking your blood sugar is one of the best ways to know how well your diabetes treatment plan is working. Continuous glucose monitors have also become popular, especially for people who use an insulin pump.

A healthcare provider will periodically order a laboratory blood test to determine your blood sugar levels. This test gives an overall sense of how blood sugar levels are controlled since it indicates your average blood sugar level of the past two to three months.

Self-blood glucose monitoring allows you to know your blood glucose level at any time and helps prevent the consequences of very high or very low blood sugar. Monitoring also enables tighter blood sugar control, which decreases the long-term risks of diabetic complications.

Recommended Excercise

You should get at least 45 minutes of exercise a day. You can play sports, ride bikes, jump rope, swim, or go walking/jogging. Regardless of the type of diabetes you have, regular physical activity is important for your overall health and wellness. With type 1, it’s very important to balance your insulin doses with the food you eat and the activity that you do even if you are just doing house or yard work. Your blood glucose response to exercise will vary depending on your blood sugar before you exercise, intensity of exercise, and the amount of time you exercise.

Lifestyle Choices

You should watch what you eat. Also, make sure you get enough exercise. You should drink a lot of water. It will help you stay hydrated and stay healthy. You can still go out and do stuff with your friends but make sure you always have all of your diabetic equipment and insulin with you at all times.

How does staying fit relate to controlling diabetes?

Staying fit relates to controlling diabetes because if you are not fit then it can be hard to control your diabetes the right way. Or if you are staying fit but do not control your diabetes correctly then it can physically hurt you and your blood sugar levels can be way to low or even way to high.


Some people newly diagnosed with diabetes meet with a dietitian just once, sometimes during a hospitalization for high blood sugar. Just one rushed meeting isn't nearly enough time to learn everything. This will help a lot.

A nutritionist will really help create a dietary plan that will help you.


A podiatrist is a doctor of podiatric medicine (DPM), also known as a podiatric physician or surgeon. Podiatrists diagnose and treat conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg. If your feet go numb or tingly then they can help.

APA Citations

Diet for Type 1 Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.co.uk/diet-for-type1-diabetes.html

Exercise and Type 1 Diabetes: American Diabetes Association®. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/fitness/exercise-and-type-1-diabetes.html

Self-blood glucose monitoring in diabetes mellitus. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.uptodate.com/contents/self-blood-glucose-monitoring-in-diabetes-mellitus-beyond-the-basics

Type 1 Diabetes | Health | Patient.co.uk. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.patient.co.uk/health/type-1-diabetes